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A Time Line of Space Exploration

first_imgFrom left: Laika, cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, American astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr., President John F. Kennedy, astronaut and San Antonio native Edward H. White II, John H. Glenn Jr., the crew of Apollo 11, and American entrepreneur Elon Musk.Illustration by Gluekit; Laika: Keystone/Getty; Gagarin, Kennedy: AP; White: Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty; Musk: Bryan Mitchell/Getty; all others Courtesy of NASA You’ve read your last free article Enter your email address If you fill out the first name, last name, or agree to terms fields, you will NOT be added to the newsletter list. Leave them blank to get signed up. Last Name Subscribe now, or to get 10 days of free access, sign up with your email. Cancel anytime. Sign up for free access Already a subscriber? Login or link your subscription. The State of Texas(Daily)A daily digest of Texas news, plus the latest from Texas Monthly This Week in Texas(Weekly)The best stories from Texas Monthlycenter_img Editor’s Desk(Monthly)A message from the editors at Texas Monthly Sign UpI agree to the terms and conditions. Subscribe Never Miss a StorySign up for Texas Monthly’s State of Texas newsletter to get stories like this delivered to your inbox daily. 4th century BCThe Greek mathematician Archytas creates a wooden pigeon that is propelled by escaping steam, an early example of rocket technology. 2nd century ADThe Syrian writer Lucian of Samosata publishes A True Story, a satirical novel that includes the first known fictional references to outer space travel.1232The Chinese become the first people to use gunpowder-fueled rockets for martial purposes.1897The Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky correctly theorizes that rockets can function in a vacuum, unlike other forms of propulsion. Dr. Robert H. Goddard and his liquid-fueled rocket in the frame from which it was fired on March 16, 1926, at Auburn, Mass.Courtesy of NASAMarch 16, 1926The American engineer Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket. June 20, 1944During World War II, Germany’s V-2 becomes the first craft to achieve spaceflight (usually defined as 62 miles above sea level). At the end of the war, many of the German rocket scientists who worked on it were recruited for the American and Russian rocket programs. February 20, 1947Fruit flies aboard a U.S. V-2 rocket become the first animals to travel in outer space. October 4, 1957The U.S.S.R. launches Sputnik I, the world’s first artificial satellite, starting the space race between the Soviet Union and the U.S. November 3, 1957Laika, a mixed-breed dog, becomes the first animal to orbit the earth. Hours later she also becomes the first animal to die in orbit. America’s first satellite, Explorer I.Courtesy of NASAJanuary 31, 1958The U.S. launches its first artificial satellite, Explorer I. October 11, 1958NASA’s first spacecraft, Pioneer I, is launched from Cape Canaveral. Though it reaches outer space, a programming error prevents it from reaching the moon. Between December 1958 and April 1961, the Juno II launched space probes Pioneer III and IV, as well as Explorer satellites VII, VIII, and XI.Courtesy of NASA1959The Soviet Union and the U.S. independently launch unmanned probes to the moon. The Soviets conduct the first flyby of the moon in January; the U.S. repeats the feat in March. In September a Soviet spacecraft intentionally crash-lands on the moon, becoming the first man-made object to touch the surface of another celestial body. April 12, 1961Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet cosmonaut, becomes the first human to reach space and complete one orbit of the earth. May 5, 1961Alan B. Shepard Jr. becomes the first American to reach space. May 25, 1961President John F. Kennedy announces his determination to put a man on the moon. February 20, 1962John H. Glenn Jr. becomes the first American to orbit the earth. April 26, 1962The Ranger 4 crash-lands on the moon, becoming the first U.S. craft to reach another celestial body.Russian astronaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first man to walk in space on March 18, 1965.Central Press/GettyMarch 18, 1965Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first person to conduct a space walk.June 3, 1965San Antonio native Edward H. White II becomes the first U.S. astronaut to conduct a space walk.July 15, 1965The American spacecraft Mariner 4 successfully conducts the first flyby of Mars. February 3, 1966The Soviet Union’s Luna 9 becomes the first spacecraft to make a soft landing on the moon.A model of the Surveyor 1 spacecraft.Courtesy of NASAJune 2, 1966Surveyor 1 becomes the first American spacecraft to soft-land on the moon. January 27, 1967A flash fire breaks out during an Apollo 1 simulation at Kennedy Space Center, killing the three astronauts aboard. April 24, 1967The Soviet Union’s Vladimir Komarov becomes the first astronaut to die in-flight when his ship, Soyuz 1, crashes on its descent.December 24, 1968Apollo 8 becomes the first manned spacecraft to successfully orbit the moon. Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot of the first lunar landing mission on the lunar surface on July 20, 1969.Courtesy of NASAJuly 20, 1969Apollo 11 becomes the first manned spacecraft to land on the moon. April 17, 1970The crew of Apollo 13 safely returns to Earth after the rupture of an oxygen tank damages several of the craft’s power, electrical, and life-support systems. June 30, 1971The three astronauts on the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 11 become the first—and so far the only—people to die in space when their capsule depressurized prior to reentering Earth’s atmosphere.November 13, 1971The American spacecraft Mariner 9 becomes the first craft to orbit another planet, Mars. November 27, 1971The Soviet Union’s Mars 2 vehicle, which was expected to make a soft landing on Mars, crashes onto the planet’s surface, becoming the first spacecraft to touch another planet.December 2, 1971The Soviet Union’s Mars 3 becomes the first spacecraft to attain a soft landing on Mars.December 7, 1972Apollo 17 takes flight as the last of the six successful Apollo missions to the moon. July 20, 1976The Viking 1 lander touches down on the surface of Mars, the first U.S. craft to do so.The space shuttle Columbia launches on April 12, 1981, manned with two astronauts, John Young and Robert Crippen.Courtesy of NASAApril 12, 1981The space shuttle Columbia launches as the first operational flight of the U.S. shuttle program.January 28, 1986The Challenger shuttle explodes 73 seconds after takeoff, killing all seven crew members. 1998NASA begins working with Russia on the International Space Station.2000Amazon founder Jeff Bezos creates the aerospace company Blue Origin. In 2003 Blue Origin begins buying land in West Texas for an engine-test and suborbital-test-flight facility.2002Entrepreneur Elon Musk founds SpaceX with the goal of reducing space transportation costs and enabling the colonization of Mars. February 1, 2003The space shuttle Columbia breaks up over Texas. All seven crew members die.August 4, 2014SpaceX publicly announces it has chosen Boca Chica Village, Texas, near Brownsville, as the location for its new launch site. Blue Origin founder—and Amazon.com founder and CEO—Jeff Bezos in Seattle, Washington, on June 18, 2014.David Ryder/GettyMay 9, 2019Bezos announces that Blue Origin is working on a manned moon landing vehicle called “Blue Moon,” which he expects to be in operation by 2024. It is the first step in Bezos’s plan to help humanity colonize the solar system. Hope you enjoyed your free ride. To get back in the saddle, subscribe! First Name Why am I seeing this?last_img read more

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SAINTS battled to a thrilling 2222 draw against H

first_imgSAINTS battled to a thrilling 22-22 draw against Hull FC at Langtree Park.A Josh Jones’ try with half an hour remaining looked to have settled a classic contest only for the visitors to almost pull off a shock comeback.The home side deservedly led 16-12 at half time thanks to tries from Anthony Laffranchi, Francis Meli and Jordan Turner.It was a 40 minutes of guile and craft; the home side looking good with ball in hand but suffering through errors in their own half.Hull forged ahead through Jason Crookes – Shannon McDonnell adding a late try.Saints had the better of the opening stages of the second half with Jones’ try, but an injury to captain Paul Wellens forced a reshuffle and sparked Hull’s comeback.Two missed drop goals from Hull and Saints’ rearguard action ensuring the points were shared.Alex Walmsley made his Saints’ debut off the bench whilst James Roby returned in place of the injured Lance Hohaia.Hull were unchanged from the side that beat Bradford last weekend and that continuity showed as they got off to the best possible start.After a real battle in the forwards they forced a Saints’ error and profited for the opening score.Great handling saw the ball fly right and Jason Crookes plunged over. Daniel Holdsworth converting.Saints ensured parity almost immediately. A high ball from Lee Gaskell caused panic; the ball was recycled and James Roby flicked it back for Anthony Laffranchi to cross.Gaskell tagging the extras.Buoyed, Saints came again and another high ball caused mayhem in the Hull defence.Jon Wilkin’s high ball had McDonnell scrambling and moments later fast, slick passing saw Francis Meli grab his third of the season.Gaskell firing it off the touchline for 12-6.With less than 15 minutes to go Tommy Makinson defended a kick to the corner he had no right to get to – conceding a drop out.But Saints defended the set and then turned that hard work into points. Two penalties got them down the field and Jordan Turner showed all his strength and power to force his way over.Hull pulled one back through McDonnell and almost got in again after a number of errors and repeat sets.Saints began the second half on the front foot battering Hull’s line and consistently pinging them back with some tough tackling.And it was that defence that was converted into more points. This time Tony Puletua held up the ball just long enough for Jonny Lomax to combine with Lee Gaskell to send in Josh Jones.Gaskell tagging on his third two-pointer of the evening.Tom Briscoe replied when another kick to the corner wasn’t cleared – goaled by Holdsworth – and then had another sustained period of pressure on Saints’ line.A knock on blew one chance but it was one penalty too many for the home side and more sets to defend.Hull crossed but a forward pass denied the four-pointer.Saints defended three more sets on their line but on the fourth – after a bizarre scrum call – Richard Whiting put them level.It was an awful call after a blatant knock on – but the conversion was missed and Saints lived to fight another day.Hull tried a drop goal from 45 metres that just missed and another from 30 that Louie McCarthy-Scarsbrook just about did enough to make it miss.Saints had 60 seconds to set up a chance of their own but it was too much of an ask.Match Summary:Saints:Tries: Laffranchi, Meli, Turner, JonesGoals: Gaskell (3 from 4)Hull FC:Tries: Crookes, McDonnell, Briscoe, WhitingGoals: Holdsworth (3 from 3)Penalties:Saints: 9Hull FC: 5HT: 16-12FT: 22-22REF: Ben ThalerATT:Teams:Saints:1. Paul Wellens; 21. Tommy Makinson, 3. Jordan Turner, 19. Josh Jones, 5. Francis Meli; 20. Lee Gaskell, 7. Jonny Lomax; 11. Tony Puletua, 9. James Roby, 14. Anthony Laffranchi, 4. Sia Soliola, 12. Jon Wilkin, 13. Willie Manu.Subs: 10. Louie McCarthy-Scarsbrook, 15. Mark Flanagan. 24. Joe Greenwood, 25. Alex Walmsley.Hull FC:1. Shannon McDonnell; 2. Jason Crookes, 3. Ben Crooks, 4. Kirk Yeaman, 5. Tom Briscoe; 6. Daniel Holdsworth, 16. Richard Horne; 8. Mark O’Meley, 9. Danny Houghton, 10. Andy Lynch, 15. Ben Galea, 21. Chris Green, 13. Joe Westerman.Subs: 14. Richard Whiting, 19. Jay Pitts, 20. Paul Johnson, 33. Aaron Heremaia.last_img read more

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Man accused of fatal Bladen Co shooting expected in court Thursday

first_img The sheriff’s office says Gore, who owns a shop where a boat was stolen last week, went searching for the boat in Bladen County and found two men at an abandoned lumber mill.The sheriff says that’s where gore shot Allen Blanchard, 34,  in the head. Blanchard died Monday, according to sheriff’s spokesman Maj. Larry Guyton.Gore was originally arrested and charged with assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill.Related Article: Court reinstates late Aaron Hernandez’s murder convictionA sheriff’s spokesman says his charges should be upgraded to include murder. David Wayne Gore (Photo: Bladen Co. Sheriff’s Office) BLADEN COUNTY, NC (WWAY) — A Bladen County Sheriff’s Office spokesman says a New Hanover County business owner is expected to turn himself in Thursday to face new charges.Investigators say 57-year-old David Gore will face a murder charge after a weekend shooting.- Advertisement – last_img read more

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Man sentenced to life in prison for 2015 Columbus County murder

first_img Deans’  brother Wesley gave a victim-impact statement.While on the verge of tears, he said he can’t imagine what Deans’ two children are going through without their mother.“To lose your sister is extremely painful, but losing your daughter is another kind of hurt,” he said, while describing how gut-wrenching is it seeing his mom deal with Alicia’s death.Related Article: Tabor City man robbed at gunpoint by two men, including ‘friend’Tyler was sentenced to life in prison without parole.Deans’ mother, Sheila Deans, said one word comes to mind after the verdict.“Grateful. I’m just so grateful that he can’t hurt anybody else. I mean, we’ve all worried about that. I mean, it was told in there how he bullied and being- you know, he tried to hurt other people too. So we’re just glad no one else will get hurt,” Sheila Deans said.Alicia Marie DeansTwo of Tyler’s co-defendants also testified against him during the trial, describing how Tyler wanted them to stage a robbery in order to use Deans’ car to kidnap Tyler’s ex-girlfriend.Deans was shot in the head, her body found in a wooded area of Columbus County.We’ll have more details tonight on WWAY News. COLUMBUS COUNTY, NC (WWAY) — Shortly after deliberations began, a Columbus County jury has returned a verdict in the murder trial of Nathan Tyler, Jr.The jury found Tyler guilty of first degree murder in the death of Alicia Deans. They also returned guilty verdicts for first degree kidnapping and robbery with a dangerous weapon.- Advertisement – last_img read more

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Motorcyclist arrested after chase crash in Brunswick County

first_imgTristan Blunier (Photo: Brunswick Co. Sheriff’s Office) BRUNSWICK COUNTY, NC (WWAY) — A Myrtle Beach man is in the Brunswick County Detention Center facing several charges after a motorcycle chase Friday night.Tristan Blunier, 22, is charged with fleeing to elude arrest, reckless driving to endanger, failure to heed light or siren, and resisting public officer.- Advertisement – It happened around 9:30 p.m. in Supply.According to warrants, a deputy tried to stop Blunier on Highway 17 for speeding in excess of 15 miles an hour over the limit.The Sheriff’s Office says Blunier would not stop and after a short chase, crashed, and then ran off. 1 of 2 Traffic stopped during motorcycle chase on Friday, July 6, 2018 (Photo: Contributed)center_img Related Article: Weekend checkpoint nets 4 arrests, more than 100 citationsAfter more than an hour of searching, a K-9 Unit found Blunier.He will appear in court later this month.His bond is set at $6,000. Tristan Blunier (Photo: Brunswick Co. Sheriff’s Office)last_img read more

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PTs Grille in Leland accepting food and supplies donors get 1 off

first_img Anyone who gives a donation will receive $1 off of their meal.All items will be given to a church then distributed to families in Brunswick County. WILMINGTON, NC (WWAY) — If you’re looking to help some hurricane victims and get a deal on lunch, you’re in luck.PT’s Grille in Leland is accepting donations of water, non perishable food, pet food, cleaning supplies, toiletries, and more.- Advertisement – last_img

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Oak Island mayors son faces nearly a dozen more child sex charges

first_img Brochure is also charged with 11 counts of second degree sexual exploitation of a minor.Oak Island Police say those charges are related to his original arrest in July when he was charged with child pornography.His bond was $2,000,000 but was reduced to $50,000. Justin Brochure (Photo: BCSO) OAK ISLAND, NC (WWAY) — There is more trouble for the son of the mayor of Oak Island.36-year-old Justin Brochure was arrested, again, Friday afternoon. Investigators say he violated his release order.- Advertisement – last_img

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2019 Azalea Garden Tour Harbor Way Gardens

first_img Harbor Way Gardens Committee Chairwoman Elise Running says Hurricane Florence took its toll on the grounds, but nearly a dozen women have put in a lot of hours to make it perfect again.This is the first time they have been featured on the Azalea Garden Tour.“We are really excited not only to featured the garden, but so proud of Harbor Island Garden Club and this is a real show place for the town of Wrightsville Beach,” Running said.Related Article: Rip currents keep lifeguards busy on Memorial DayShe says the gardens lost 20 trees during Florence. Volunteers recently planted a new live oak thanks to a donation from Oleander Company.The Cape Fear Garden Club’s Azalea Garden Tour runs Friday through Sunday. WRIGHTSVILLE BEACH, NC (WWAY) — Harbor Way Gardens in Wrightsville Beach features an acre of flowers, plants, trees and a salty breeze.Located near the corner of Causeway Drive and Salisbury Street, the public park is the home of roses, wildflowers and plants for sustaining butterflies, bees and birds.- Advertisement – last_img read more

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Water Street slated to reopen to twoway traffic in early May

first_img This is one phase of a multi-phased and much-needed project to upgrade utilities beneath Water Street from Market Street north to Red Cross Street, according to the city.Work on the current phase began in early 2018 and was initially scheduled to be completed in mid-2018.Completion of this phase has been delayed by several factors.Related Article: High school student missing after swimming in Eno River Rock Quarry“First, crews were working to install sewer pipes some 12 feet underground during 2018, a year that the city experienced a record 100+ inches of rain,” the city wrote in a news release. “Second, when CFPUA officials were inspecting the newly placed sewer pipe this fall, they found the required slope of the pipe did not meet CFPUA and state requirements and it is being re-worked. The contractor doing the work suspects that some soil settled beneath the pipe, perhaps due to the heavy rains.”The street is slated to be paved and open in early May.All businesses in the area, including the shops at Water Street Center and the Hotel Ballast, remain open while work is underway. Construction started back in April and business owners near the construction say it’s affected profits. (Photo: Basil John/WWAY) WILMINGTON, NC (WWAY) — The city and the Cape Fear Public Utility Authority have nearly completed replacing aging water and sewer pipes under the ground in Water Street between Chestnut and Grace streets.The city says work will stop for Azalea Festival and will resume next week with completion of this phase expected early next month.- Advertisement – last_img read more

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River Road shut down near Southport after multicar crash

first_imgBRUNSWICK COUNTY, NC (WWAY) — The Highway Patrol says a portion Highway 133 is shutdown near Southport after after a crash involving three vehicles.Sgt. Sanders with The Highway Patrol said the crash happened around 9:15 a.m. near Long Beach Road and River Road.- Advertisement – He said a car going North on River Road crossed the center line and hit a truck causing the truck to hit another car.Sanders said at least one person was airlifted to the hospital and several others were also taken to the hospital.Sanders said N.C. 133 will be shut down for a while in between N.C. 87 and N.C. 211. He said drivers should avoid the area or take a different route.Related Article: Motorcyclist hospitalized after crash near Wilmington intersectionWe will have more details as they become available.last_img read more