New computer dating technology changing the history of Britain

first_img An example of the new dating technique can be seen with Windmill Hill. Originally it was believed to have been built between 3,700BC and 3,100BC. The new dating technique has narrowed down that time frame to between 3,700BC and 3,640BC.The Neolithic period occurred in Britain between 4000BC and 2000BC when residents began to settle into an agricultural way of life instead of nomadic hunters and gatherers. According to the lead archaeologist Dr. Alex Bayliss, farming began in the south-east region of England a few decades before 4,000BC. It progressed to western parts of England over a period of about two centuries before there was a sudden increase in development.The building of causewayed enclosures throughout Britain were originally believed to have spread over the course of five centuries, but this new dating technique shows that it was much more rapid and spanned only about 75 years. Evidence also shows that the construction of these enclosures created a hierarchy of some sort that led to violence and challenges, with many of the enclosures showing evidence of attacks with large numbers of arrows.It is the hope of researchers that this new dating technology which looks at the radiocarbon date of organic materials within a statistical model may be used to better date other events around the world such as the collapse of the Mayans and the development of farming in China. Neolithic Britain revealed © 2010 Citation: New computer dating technology changing the history of Britain (2011, June 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Explore further ( — In a new study called Gathering Time published this month, archaeologists from English Heritage and Cardiff University have been able to create an accurate timeline of the first 700 years of settlement in Britain. Using a newly refined computer and dating system, the researchers have been able to accurately date battle, migrations and construction. This new dating system has changed what was originally believed to have taken place over a time span of 700 years and narrowed it down to less than 100 years. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more


Computer simulations suggest graphynes may be even more useful than graphene

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Competition for Graphene: Graphynes with Direction-Dependent Dirac Cones, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 086804 (2012) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.086804AbstractThe existence of Dirac cones in the band structure of two-dimensional materials accompanied by unprecedented electronic properties is considered to be a unique feature of graphene related to its hexagonal symmetry. Here, we present other two-dimensional carbon materials, graphynes, that also possess Dirac cones according to first-principles electronic structure calculations. One of these materials, 6,6,12-graphyne, does not have hexagonal symmetry and features two self-doped nonequivalent distorted Dirac cones suggesting electronic properties even more amazing than that of graphene.via Focus Citation: Computer simulations suggest graphynes may be even more useful than graphene (2012, March 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from © 2011 Greaphene, it has been noted, has conduction electrons whose energies are directly proportional to their momentum. It has also been noted that when their energy levels are plotted in three dimensions, they take on the shape of a Dirac cone. Because of this unique relationship, the conduction electrons behave as if they were massless, allowing them to travel at very near the speed of light, a very useful property when looking to improve on such things as current transistor technology.Unlike graphene, which has single or double bonds, graphyne can have double or triple bonds, and it’s not restricted to just a hexagonal pattern. Indeed the number of patterns that it can exist as appears to be almost limitless.In this new research, the team looked at three graphyne pattern types with their computer simulation and found all of them capable of producing a Dirac cone, albeit in a slightly different shape; but perhaps most importantly, one of them called 6,6,12-graphyne, which exists as a pattern of rectangles, should allow electrons to travel in just one direction. Because of this, the researchers say, materials could be made that didn’t require “dopant” or nancarbon atoms to provide a source for the electrons, such as the case with graphene.Despite the fact that only very small pieces of graphyne have ever been made, researchers are excited about this research because it has shown that many graphyne pattern types exist that are capable of producing a Dirac cone, which means many other materials may be capable of doing so as well. The secrets of tunneling through energy barrierscenter_img Journal information: Physical Review Letters ( — The past several years have seen a virtual explosion in the amount of research dedicated to graphene and as a result there has been a nearly constant stream of news pertaining to new discoveries regarding its attributes. Now it appears, graphene is about to be upstaged by a more interesting cousin called graphyne. Graphene, as most everyone is aware by now, is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal or chicken-wire pattern. Graphyne is also a single layer of carbon atoms, but it comes in several different types of patterns, which likely make it more versatile. Now new computer simulations regarding its properties have been done by a team of researchers in Germany, who report in Physical Review Letters, that their research shows that some types of graphyne structures allow for electron flow in just one direction. Explore further The carbon lattice in this 6,6,12-graphyne has a rectangular symmetry, unlike the hexagonal symmetry of graphene. Image: D. Malko et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2012)last_img read more


Study suggests SinoTibetan language family originated in presentday northern China

first_img Citation: Study suggests Sino-Tibetan language family originated in present-day northern China (2019, April 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Reviving Brazil’s indigenous languages © 2019 Science X Network Most scientists who study language and its history agree that most of the languages that are spoken today across the globe originated from much smaller subsets. The Romance, Germanic and Slavic languages, for example, are believed to have originated from a proto-language that is now labeled as the Indo-European family of languages—this family represents the most spoken language family in the world today. The second most spoken language family is called the Sino-Tibetan language family and it includes Mandarin, Cantonese, Tibetan and approximately 400 other languages. This second largest group represents approximately 20 percent of people alive today, or one and a half billion people. In this new effort, the researchers sought to settle a longstanding debate in the linguistics community—did the Sino-Tibetan language family originate in northern or southern China, or perhaps even somewhere else. And when did it come to exist?To find the answer, the researchers applied a wide variety of tools to the problem, from multiple fields. Their approach involved building an evolutionary tree similar to that used in the biology fields—from the top down. The branches at the top would represent languages spoken today and the base would represent the Sino-Tibetan proto-language. To build their tree, the researchers used genetic and linguistic data and borrowed tools from computational biology and anthropology. They also used historical information such as groups of people migrating. During the later stages of their work, the team applied probability testing to help build the branches on their tree.In the end, the researchers found that the Sino-Tibetan language family likely originated in northern parts of China and spread south and west as people moved to farm new lands. They also suggest the language family likely got its start prior to 6000 years ago—their tree showed that time frame as the point at which the first branches began to appear. All authors are discussing our findings during in our paper. Left to right- Shi Yan, Wuyun Pan, Li Jin, Menghan Zhang. Credit: Liao Mucenter_img Journal information: Nature A small team of researchers affiliated with several institutions across China has conducted an in-depth study of the Sino-Tibetan language family and has concluded that it likely originated in present-day northern China. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group describes their research efforts and the conclusions they drew from them. Randy LaPolla with Nanyang Technological University, in Singapore, has published a News and Views piece describing the work by the team in the same journal issue. More information: Menghan Zhang et al. Phylogenetic evidence for Sino-Tibetan origin in northern China in the Late Neolithic, Nature (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1153-z Explore furtherlast_img read more


Winds of Change

first_imgWhen the new government is picking pace, the sakes of investment and economy raise on the cards a sense for the art investments is running in all minds. Focusing this Creativity Art Gallery is showcasing their best refined artists with the show Winds of Change for the correct investment for modern enthusiast collectors. The separation of modern and contemporary in an in vain topic to discuss but all we require is exact direction to stream the investment in exact direction. The exhibition will include best and fresh collection of popular artists like, Binoy Verghse, Geroge Martin PJ, Farhad Hussain, Jagdish Chinthala, Chandra Bhattacharya and Tejinder kanda. The show is confined to promote high end paintings in affordable price ranges. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Discussing this aspect gallery is launching this marvellous show with plenty of collections by these discussed artists. ‘The gallery earned fantabulous response in last India Art Fair and following that this was the most awaited concept’ says curator Debabrota Das.  The gallery also mentions that the wind of buying only modern artists work was well in form till last month but with these new political changes the economy and scopes of every sector is well expected, and following this only the show is entitled as Winds of Change. The participating artists are – Binoy Verghse, Chandra Bhattacharya, Farhad Hussain, Jagdish Chinthala, Tejinder Kanda.Where:  Creativity Art Gallery, 29, GF, Hauz Khas Village Where: 18 to 30 May Timings: 10:30 am – 7:30Pmlast_img read more


Between heaven and earth

first_imgSandwiched between heaven and earth, crowned with sanctity, greened by acres of sacred groves, there is a place whose beauty is parallel to none. Sammed Shikharji transcends the superlatives of scenic beauty with its stunning scenery. What could be a better treat for the senses of devotees who take up this venerable pilgrimage in the Jain faith? This ancient tirth is considered the holiest since 20 out of the 24 Tirthankars attained Nirvana here. To revive the memory of this holy place of Jainism and to tell the story of Jain Saints in the form of pictures, Varun Joshi has come up with a coffee table book on the famous pilgrimage site of the Jains. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Sammed Shikharji, meaning vulnerable peak, is nestled on the Parasnath Hill in Girdih district of Jharkhand and it is believed that a visit to this sacred place destroys bad karma and eliminates troubles. The picturesque land is dotted with several temples, each important in its own right. The land of penance and nirvana, Shikharji is surrounded by the Madhuban forest and cradled by yawing valleys. This is where the 27km ascent starts for the pilgrimage. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe experience of the pilgrimage and the unmatched beauty that surrounds the holy place has been captured in its most pristine and exquisite form by photographer Varun Joshi in his book Shikharji. To have undertaken the arduous pilgrimage and come back with stunning shots is no mean feat! Each image in his book brings to life the elements at their glorious best – like the silence of the forests, the chill at the peaks, the smell of wood, the sacred air and much more. The pictures are rife with stories of grandeur, fortitude and the sacred. His book is the only book that has ever featured Shikharji so perfectly. The coffee table book which covers the age old temples, other monumental wonders, the greater thinkers and above all the unique tenants of the faith has been sponsored by the Jain body- Paras Foundation.Varun Joshi has several coffee table books to his credit, but he considers this book as the most enriching experience. The pictures are a mere reflection of what I saw there, but what I experienced cannot be interpreted in any image’, says the photographer who is scaling new heights with every passing book. The book is so popular among Jains that it’s 1,000 copies have been sold already and 5,000 more copies are under print. His previous coffee table books include Jainism (Digambar), Jainism (Swetambar), Hyderabad, Pushkar, Digah, Dilwara (Mount Abu) and Brij. A coffee table book on Telangana is also under publication.last_img read more


YouTube plays some music with independent record label group

first_imgYoutube has struck a deal to license music from thousands of independent record labels, setting the stage for the launch of its long-awaited subscription service and rival Sweden’s Spotify and Apple’s Beat Music.The deal with rights agency Merlin was signed recently after months of acrimonious negotiations, in which YouTube threatened to take down music videos by artists such as Adele and the Arctic Monkeys if its demands were not met, the Financial Times reported. Also Read – I-T issues 17-point checklist to trace unaccounted DeMO cashThe agreement paves the way for the Google-owned company to finally launch a paid-for music service, which will compete with Spotify, the Swedish streaming service, Deezer of France and?Apple’s Beats Music.Merlin represents more than 20,000 labels from 39 countries.‘One of the last significant obstacles to getting to market has been removed,’ said Mark Mulligan, music analyst at MIDiA Research.YouTube, the world’s biggest online video service, plans to start rolling out its paid tier within weeks, according to people familiar with the matter.The new service will allow users, who pay a monthlyfee to listen to music and watch videos, without the interruption of advertising. Other features include the ability to save music for offline listening.last_img read more


SSKM performs rare heart surgery on 23yrold

first_imgKolkata: In a rare heart surgery, the SSKM Hospital has given a fresh lease of life to a 23-year-old woman from West Midnapore, suffering from critical structural defect in her aorta, the main great vessel coming out of the heart that supplies blood into the whole body.A team of doctors at the Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery (CTVS) and Cardio Thoracic Vascular Anaesthesia (CTVA) departments of the SSKM performed the surgery on the patient, Purnima Bera (23) that lasted for nearly eight hours. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe operation was carried out on last Saturday after she was admitted to the hospital.A resident of Amarda village of Mohanpur in West Midnapore, she was suffering from severe chest pain following which her family members took her to Mohanpur block hospital. Bera was later shifted to Egra Superspecialty hospital but due to lack of adequate infrastructure she was again transferred back to the city. She was finally brought to the emergency department of the SSKM a few days ago. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe patient was referred to the CTVS department from Cardiology. It was found that the patient was suffering from Aortic dissection after conducting echocardiography. CT angiography could not be performed on the patient as her condition deteriorated. The doctors decided to operate the patient as her chest pain aggravated. She had dissecting aortic aneurysm extending up to iliac arteries (of lower abdomen) and it was circumferential in nature, that is whole aorta was dilated throughout its whole circumference. A team of doctors from CTVS and CTVA (Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anaesthesia), headed by Dr Santanu Dutta and Dr Shubhendu Mahapatra performed the rare surgery. Aortic dissection is a serious condition in which there is a tear in the wall of the major artery carrying blood out of the heart (aorta). As the tear extends along the wall of the aorta, blood can flow in between the layers of the blood vessel wall (dissection). This can lead to aortic rupture followed by instantaneous death or decreased blood flow (ischemia) to organs.Ascending aortic replacement was done with a Dacron synthetic graft using a peripheral artery cannulation technique under cardiopulmorary bypass. Because of this peripheral cannulation technique and due to the extension of the disease, it took nearly nine hours to complete the entire operation.”Cardiopulmonary bypass continued for nearly four and a half hours with an aortic clamp time of three hours. Hemostasis (arresting bleeding) was one of the major tasks after the successful repairing of the defect. The next challenge was successful weaning from the cardiopulmonary bypass uneventfully after such prolonged bypass time,” Dr Kakali Ghosh of CTVA said.The patient was shifted to the recovery unit. She has been kept under observation in the critical care unit. The post operative care is also equally important in any cardiac surgery, the doctors observed. Aortic dissection most often happens because of a tear or damage to the inner wall of the aorta.last_img read more


Changing times

first_imgIbsen’s A Doll’s House is considered to be one of the finest plays written on the subject of women’s rights, having the distinction of being the most performed play internationally. It is perhaps so because it’s as close as one could get to the truth of hypocrisy in accepted gender roles in a marriage notwithstanding the writer’s claim that the play is a description of humanity and self-discovery.The New Delhi players’ adaptation of Ibsen’s play, presented last weekend, revolves around the characters of Nora and Torvald Helmer. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Nora and Torvald Helmer believe that they are happily married and are on the brink of a blissful new phase of life. Torvald has been promoted to the position of a bank manager with their financial future set. But Nora has a secret debt, incurred with good intentions and a forged signature, which rears its head as the threat of blackmail appears alongside her husband’s new power. Over three acts the illusion of the bourgeois contentment unravels with the play culminating  in a spectacular scene where Nora’s lie is exposed and Torvald first blames, then forgives her – and is finally abandoned as Nora recognizes the truth of her situation. She accuses her husband, and her father of having used her as a doll, and declares herself unfit to be a wife or mother until she learns to be herself. The play is as relevant today as it was in 1879. In the century and more since, the play and the role of Nora have taken on iconic status.last_img read more


Govt agencies working on war footing to rid city roads of potholes

first_imgKolkata: Various agencies of the state government have started doing patchwork along the stretches of all the important roads in the city, where potholes have been created due to heavy showers for the past few days.Incessant rain in the city and its adjoining areas have bared the skeletons of major roads, causing difficulties to the commuters, the bikers especially. Agencies like PWD, KMDA, KMC and others are taking all possible measures to repair the damaged portions of roads. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeDiamond Harbour Road has also developed countless pockmarks as the rain has damaged the bituminous surface. The worst stretch of DH Road is near Behala Chowrasta, where craters are wide and deep. It may be mentioned here that Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has instructed Mayor Sovan Chatterjee to take necessary steps to repair the potholes on Diamond Harbour Road. Repair work has been started on DH Road on a war footing.People commuting along the EM Bypass have been in precarious condition, particularly where the Metro Railway constructions have been going on. Areas where Metro construction is in progress have become a nightmare for the commuters. It may be mentioned here that the temporary patchworks do not last more than a few months. The state agencies are unable to re-lay the road due to the on-going construction of Metro Railways. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedAround a 17 km stretch between Garia and Ultadanga, many potholes have been created due to heavy rain this season so far. People are witnessing a bumpy ride due to the bad condition of EM Bypass. It has become difficult for the agencies like PWD, KMDA to repair the potholes as the heavy rainfall is washing away the patchwork in various stretches.In some stretches of Jessore Road, big craters have been created with the advent of monsoon in the state. Patchwork has begun to tackle the situation. According to the experts, many heavy duty trucks plying through Jessore Road everyday has been causing uneven pressure on the road. The situation is common for other roads as well. The incessant rain has further complicated the situation as water percolates down to the bottom of the road and damages it. Patchworks do not always necessarily provide the permanent solution, felt the experts.State Urban Development minister Firhad Hakim said that in most of the parts of the city and its adjoining areas the soil is soft, as a result of which it gets washed away during heavy rain. Due to such incidents, roads often cave in.last_img read more


Compassion leads to more help less punishment

first_imgCompassion shapes our behaviour towards a person wronged and a wrongdoer and may lead us to help the wronged than to punish the wrongdoer, researchers have found.According to researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in the US, a new set of studies suggests that compassion — and intentionally cultivating it through training —impacts the extent to which people punish the transgressor.“Any action — helping or punishing — can arise from compassion, which involves at least two components: a ‘feeling’ component of empathic concern and caring for the suffering of another; and a cognitive, motivational component of wanting to alleviate that suffering,” said lead researcher Helen Weng. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Published in the journal PLoS ONE, the findings said understanding what motivates people to be altruistic can not only inform our own behaviours, it may also play a role in creating more just societal institutions, including the legal and penal systems.These findings are built upon previous work by Weng and others, which demonstrates that as little as two weeks of compassion training can result in measurable changes in the brain.These previous studies measured altruistic behaviour in research subjects but did not separate helping and punishing behaviour to learn which is most related to compassion. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixTo answer this question, the investigators tested whether compassion was related to helping or punishment in two studies where participants played the “Helping Game” or “Punishment Game”, using real money they could keep at the end of the game.In both games, participants watched through online interactions as one player with more funds chose to split an unfair amount of money with another player with no funds.In the Helping Game, the third-party observers could choose to do nothing or give some of their own funds to “help” the victim.In the Punishment Game, the third-party observers could choose to do nothing or “punish” the transgressor by spending their own funds to take money away from the wrongdoer.“People with higher empathic concern were more likely to help the victim than punish the transgressor. “But, interestingly, within the group of people who decided to punish the transgressor, those with more empathic concern decided to punish less,” Weng noted after the studies.last_img read more


Common viral infection could give you constipation

first_imgIndividuals with herpes have reported seemingly unrelated symptoms such as constipation and urinary retention (inability to empty the bladder), but the mechanism was not understood. So the research team decided to investigate using mice models of herpes simplex virus-1, the dominant cause of genital herpes in the US.They found that the herpes virus spread from the genitals to nerves in the spinal chord, and then on to neurons in the colon, killing them. The damage to the colonic neurons prevented the movement of food along the digestive tract, leading to an enlarged colon and disease.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“The key findings is that there is this unexpected infection in the neurons in the colon wall after herpes infection,” said lead researcher Akiko Iwasaki, professor of immunobiology at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut, US. The findings were published in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.“Other members of the herpes virus family, including Epstein-Barr virus, chicken pox virus, and cytomegalovirus have been found in the neurons of the colon of people with unexplained chronic constipation,” Iwasaki, who is also an investigator at Maryland-based non-profit Howard Hughes Medical Institute, said.“When doctors can’t figure out the cause of these chronic intestinal conditions, one thing to look at is a viral infection,” she explained.last_img read more


Exercises to enhance your running sessions

first_imgPre-running exercises help in increasing the blood flow to the muscles, reducing their stiffness and loosening them for better running, while post-running exercises help the body cool down and improve flexibility and performance, say experts. 4Hip flexor stretch: Stand tall. Flex your hip and knee to bring your right knee up toward your chest as you swing your left arm forward. Lower to the ground, then repeat on the other leg.4Leg flexor stretch: Stand tall with your right arm forward. Bend your knee at a right angle in front of you, thigh parallel to the ground, as you swing your right arm back and left arm forward. Contract your quads to extend your leg straight out. Return to standing, then repeat with the other leg. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf4Plantar flexor stretch: Stand with your hands on your hips. Raise your right foot a few inches, keeping your knee straight. Quickly flex your foot, pointing your toes upward. Return to standing, then repeat with the other foot.4Hip extensor stretch: Hinge forward at your hips. Raise your right foot and bend your right knee in front of you while swinging your left arm forward as you would when running. From there, maintain the same lean as you quickly stretch your right leg behind you. At the same time, swing your right arm forward and your left arm back. Return your knee in front of you and repeat with the other leg. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsivePost-running exercises:4Hamstring stretch: Keep your right leg just a little ahead of your left leg and place your hands on your hips. Now, with your right leg kept straight and toes facing up, bend your left leg. Bend forward towards your right leg with a straight back. Repeat the same with the other leg. This exercise helps you in relaxing your hamstrings after a good run.4Lower back stretch: While lying on your back, pull your right knee to your chest and hold the position for about 15 seconds. Repeat with the other leg and then get both your knees to your chest and hold it for 15 seconds. This exercise helps you gaining more flexibility while running next and also helps you control your breathing. 4Calf stretch: After stretching your right leg forward, bend your front foot at the knee and keep your back foot straight. Keep your left leg straight while pushing your left heel to the ground. Keep doing this till you feel a stretch at the back of your left leg, right below your knee. Repeat the same with the other leg. This exercise relaxes your calf while making them more flexible.4Thigh stretch: Pull your heel towards the left buttock by gently lifting the top of your foot behind you stretching the front of your thigh. Keep your knees together while doing the exercise.ianslast_img read more


Santanu Sen files complaint against threat calls

first_imgKOLKATA: Tension was triggered after Member of Parliament (MP) in Rajya Sabha Dr Santanu Sen was allegedly threatened by some unknown persons over phone. He lodged a complaint with the Sinthi police station in this regard on Saturday.According to the complaint lodged by Sen, he has been receiving threat calls from unknown numbers, stating that they would kill him. Sen alleged that three callers were using the same number to threaten him. Some other numbers were also used to threaten him with dire consequences. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseAccording to sources, Sen was getting such calls since almost one and a half months. Initially, he did not pay any attention to the calls but the problem escalated since the last few weeks. It was alleged that he was getting threats frequently. Sen alleged that sometimes, the caller told him that he would be killed. He was told that his family members would be killed as well. During the last two calls, he was told that explosives will be placed near his residence to blow up the house. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataLater, Sen informed the Officer on Special Duty (OSD) to Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee about the phone calls. Following that, he lodged a complaint with Sinthi police station, narrating the whole incident. He also stated that he is not afraid of such calls but intimated the police to act accordingly. He also provided the mobile numbers to the investigating officers. Based on Sen’s complaint, an FIR has been initiated on charges of 506 IPC (punishment for criminal intimidation) and 34 IPC (acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention) against unknown persons. Till Sunday night, no one has been arrested in the case. Sleuths are trying to get the details of the phone numbers which were used to threaten Sen. Police are also trying to locate the tower location of the mobile numbers.last_img read more


Clicking too many selfies may be a real disorder

first_img“Selfitis” – the obsession of taking selfies on smartphones – may be a real disorder that requires treatment, according to a study conducted in India. Researchers at Nottingham Trent University in the UK and the Thiagarajar School of Management (TSM) in Tamil Nadu began investigating the phenomenon after a hoax story appeared in the media in 2014 claiming ‘selfitis’ had been classed as a genuine mental disorder by the American Psychiatric Association. They have now confirmed its existence and developed the ‘Selfitis Behaviour Scale’ which can be used to assess its severity.The scale was developed using a large number of focus groups with 200 participants and the scale was tested via a survey of 400 participants.Participants were based in India because the country has the most users on Facebook, as well as the highest number of deaths as a result of trying to take selfies in dangerous locations.The findings, published in the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction confirmed that there are three levels of selfitis. Borderline is defined as taking selfies at least three times a day but not posting them on social media.Acute selfitis describes taking selfies at least three times a day and posting each one on social media.Chronic selfitis is the uncontrollable urge to take photos of one self round the clock and posting the photos on social media more than six times a day, researchers said.Six motivating factors were identified, with selfitis sufferers typically seeking to increase their self-confidence, seek attention, improve their mood, connect with the environment around them (to create a record of memories), increase their conformity with the social group around them, as well as being socially competitive.The prevalence of these factors determined the level of selfitis severity.”A few years ago, stories appeared in the media claiming that the condition of selfitis was to be classed as a mental disorder by the American Psychiatric Association,” said Mark Griffiths, from Nottingham Trent University.”While the story was revealed to be a hoax, it did not mean that the condition of selfitis did not exist,” Griffiths said.”We have now appeared to confirm its existence and developed the world’s first Selfitis Behaviour Scale to assess the condition,” he said.”Typically, those with the condition suffer from a lack of self-confidence and are seeking to ‘fit in’ with those around them, and may display symptoms similar to other potentially addictive behaviours,” said Janarthanan Balakrishnan, assistant professor at TSM.”Now the existence of the condition appears to have been confirmed, it is hoped that further research will be carried out to understand more about how and why people develop this potentially obsessive behaviour, and what can be done to help people who are the most affected,” he said.last_img read more


Saying no to human trafficking

first_imgEach year thousands of men, women, and children fall victim to human trafficking and end up trapped unable to escape or find a way out. They are often tricked and mislead into believing that they are being taken for job opportunities, education, a better life, or through force, abduction. The outcomes in all these cases are the same – the children and adults trafficked lose their rights, their identity and are abused for labour and sexual exploitation. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfSince 2013, the UN-initiated ‘World Day Against Trafficking in Persons’ is observed on July 30 every year. It aims to raise awareness to combat cross-border and in-country human trafficking.To commemorate this global day, the British High Commission participated in a rally organised by Kolkata Mary Ward Social Centre (KMWSC) at Canning, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal.Talking about the ‘World Day Against Trafficking, the Deputy High Commissioner, British High Commission in Kolkata, Bruce Bucknell said: “I’m pleased to be here today to support efforts in raising awareness to tackle the issue of human trafficking. We should use days such as this to highlight the dangers of trafficking across communities. We need everyone to come together to tackle the dangers that trafficking poses and protect the human rights of all concerned.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSince 2015, KMWSC – the social development wing of the Loreto Sisters has worked in the area of anti-human trafficking. “Tackling human trafficking, bonded and forced labour and exploitation is an important priority and one that my country, the UK, is committed to eradicate,” said Bucknell.Bucknell thanked Ananya Chakraborti, Chairperson, West Bengal Commission for Protection of Child Rights, Govt. of West Bengal and other senior administrative and police officials of the district, for attending and showing their support. Speaking on the occasion, Ananya Chakraborti, Chairperson, West Bengal Commission for Protection of Child Rights said: “We need to empower our daughters to tackle the problem of human trafficking. You should counsel your daughters that there are laws against domestic violence and if your married daughters are facing it in their in-laws’ house, you should be able to take legal steps.” Bucknell, Chakraborti and other senior administrative and police officials of the district also participated in a mass rally in Canning that saw active participation from women and children, civic volunteers and youth from the community.last_img read more


Did Michael Rockefeller Meet His End at the Hands of a Native

first_imgAt the age of only 23, Michael Rockefeller, born to the New York State governor Nelson Rockefeller in one of the wealthiest families ever, had gone missing off the coast of then-Dutch New Guinea. The date was November 21, 1961. The young man was conducting an anthropological expedition in this remote corner of the planet along with his mission companion René Wessing.Michael Rockefeller (1938 – 1961?), who disappeared during an expedition to New Guinea in 1961. He was the youngest son of New York Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller. Photo by T. Nielsen/Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty ImagesThe two men had an accident with their boat, which capsized some 12 miles from the coast.Stranded in the sea, Michael told René he would swim to reach the coast. Even though his friend advised him not to do so, the 23-year-old tied gasoline cans on his belt and started swimming… towards his death.Asmat on the Lorentz River, photographed during the third South New Guinea expedition in 1912-13.While Wessing was eventually saved, not a word was heard nor a hair was seen from Michael Rockefeller again. A thorough search mission to find him entailed both aircraft and ships.No resources were spared as this concerned a member of the wealthy and politically powerful Rockefeller family. In the 1970s, Nelson Rockefeller went on to serve as the 41st Vice President of the United States.Nelson Rockefeller, Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (1940).The strange disappearance filled the news, and various stories popped up explaining what had happened. Did a shark eat Michael? Did he drown? Did he retreat from a life of fame and fortune, finding refuge among the woods and tribesmen of New Guinea?Nelson and his wife came to the remote island country in person to support the hunt for their son, but almost ten days had passed and, as the Dutch interior minister himself stated, “There is no longer any hope of finding Michael Rockefeller alive.”The Rockefeller Family. From left to right: Nelson A., Ann. Standing, Steven, Rodman and Michael on November 18, 1958. Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty ImagesAccording to the 2014 book penned by National Geographic’s Carl Hoffman, entitled Savage Harvest: A Tale of Cannibals, Colonialism and Michael Rockefeller’s Tragic Quest for Primitive Art, the statement that Michael Rockefeller was no longer to be found alive sounded about right.Besides a Harvard degree in history and economics, Michael Rockefeller was not the kind of guy who would see clients and conduct meetings as part of his father’s business empire. Instead, he garnered a love for ancient cultures and art, which is why he came to New Guinea in October 1961 — to explore the indigenous Asmat people.Rodman Rockefeller (L) and Michael Rockefeller (R) during the GOP convention. Photo by Robert W. Kelley/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty ImagesHe had already collected a trove of artifacts from visiting different Asmat villages, which today can be seen in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In November 1961, the young Rockefeller had returned for more adventures and more exploration. His thirst for new knowledge and experiences proved fatal, however.According to Hoffman’s book, Dutch investigations at the time turned up evidence that Michael’s life was claimed by the Asmat people.An Asmat woodcarver. Photo by Edi Wibowo CC BY-SA 3.0Namely, two Dutch missionaries who lived among the tribesmen and were able to understand the Asmat language pieced together a curious tale from conversations they overheard. The locals also wanted to keep the story a secret, in fears that the ‘white men’ might get angry and come for revenge.Supposedly the missionaries shared the story with local authorities, but the report must have been classified and not followed up. The reasons to do so were political as by the early 1960s, the Dutch were fearful of entirely losing control over New Guinea as a territory.For the purposes of the book and to verify these claims, Hoffman traveled to the island of New Guinea and visited the Asmat villages to investigate further. According to his book, Michael Rockefeller’s death was indeed a well-known story among the native people, who were reluctant to discuss it with an outsider.New Guinea.If it was really true, then the young Rockefeller was killed and butchered in retribution. The case involves an earlier incident as of 1957 when different groups of Asmat tribes fought and killed dozens among each other.The Dutch then engaged in an intervention to calm the two groups, and this resulted in another incident where several leaders of the Otsjanep people (one of the involved groups), were shot and killed. It would have been the first gunfire the locals ever saw, probably leaving them in deep shock.Asmat people performing traditional wood carving in Otsjanep Village.So, when the sons of those fallen leaders one day saw a white man swimming towards the coast of their home island, they decided to have their revenge. That man may have been Michael Rockefeller, and what happened next, though abhorrent, is entirely in place with the tribal customs and beliefs.The Otsjanep would have quickly come to regret their deeds. The quest which followed after Michael Rockefeller had gone missing must have been a dreadful experience. Most of the Asmat didn’t know what an aircraft was. A subsequent outbreak of cholera in their villages was another dreadful event that many of them further perceived as a punishment for their killing.If this story was really how Michael Rockefeller’s life came to an end, then one thing would be certain anyway. He would have been unfortunate to face such a death after swimming those miles in the sea. A great irony.Read another story from us: The Spooky Unsolved Mystery of the Flannan Lighthouse DisappearancesAs for Michael’s family, they accepted the only explanation for their son’s death was because he drowned. Drowning was also cited as the reason for his death when the official search for Michael’s body concluded in December 1961.last_img read more


Photographer Documents the Disappearing Tattooed Women of the Tharu Tribe

first_imgAmong the many tribes around the world that use tattooing as part of their traditions are the indigenous Tharu people in the Chitwan District of Nepal. Both men and women are tattooed but the women are way more covered with tattoos than the men. Since 2011, the estimated population of Tharu was around 1.7 million. They are agriculturalists and hunters who practice Hinduism.The last tattooed women of the Tharu tribe. Photo Courtesy Omar RedaThese people thrived in isolation in the Himalayan forests and managed to keep the many varieties of their indigenous language.However, naturally, the Tharu people face modernization and loss of their traditions. The practice of tattooing seems to be disappearing as it is only the older generation who proudly show their tattoos.One of the last tattooed Tharu tribe women. Photo Courtesy Omar RedaAn important practice of Tharu heritage is dying out, but, through a twist of fate, it has been eternalized by the camera of photographer Omar Reda.Reda is a Lebanese graphic designer and creative director whose passion is photography. He had been preparing for a photography project trip to Tibet but was denied a visa — forced to make a last-minute change of plans, Reda decided to travel to Nepal instead.The last tattooed women of the Tharu tribe. Photo Courtesy Omar RedaOn his visit to Nepal, Reda discovered the fascinating tattooed Tharu tribeswomen and their stories.He heard many different stories about the history of the tattooing practice. One was that during the 240-year reign of the Kingdom of Nepal (which ended in 2008), it was customary for the royal family to spend the summer months in the Chitwan area.The last tattooed women of the Tharu tribe. Photo Courtesy Omar RedaTo amuse themselves, they used to forcibly take young girls from the Tharu tribe and use them as sex slaves. In order to prevent these abductions and disturbance of their peaceful lives, the Tharu people started tattooing young girls. Their intention was to deform their appearance so that they would be unattractive to the abductors.Another story told to Reda was that the tattooing practice was mandatory for the women in the Tharu tribe. By not having tattoos, women risked being exiled from the community.The last tattooed women of the Tharu tribe. Photo Courtesy Omar RedaThe regulations went so far that it was forbidden for people to touch or take anything that a woman without a tattoo had previously touched. Escaping the practice equaled social death, so all girls went through the painful process of covering their bodies with ink.The last tattooed women of the Tharu tribe. Photo Courtesy Omar RedaThe third version is that tattoos were a symbol of beauty. The women were tattooed to magnify their beauty so that when they die, they would reach heaven in their most beautiful appearance.Today, tattooing has a more modernized aspect, meaning that every individual chooses whether they will express themselves through words, symbols, or art tattooed on their bodies. In fact, today Nepal is known as one of the best destinations to get inked.The last tattooed women of the Tharu tribe. Photo Courtesy Omar RedaNepal is not the only place where Reda had such a unique experience.He also has beautiful photos of various incredible places in India, Tanzania, Turkey, and many other countries where he captured a little bit of the unique lifestyles in diverse cultures around the world.Read another story from us: Rare Color Photos Show What the World Looked Like 100 Years AgoIn Omar’s own words, he is interested in the stories of humans and of nature, and so far his wonderful photos have been featured in National Geographic, the Daily Mail, Buzzfeed, Behance, Petapixel and many others.last_img read more


If Team USA Basketball players pulled a Ryan Lochte the world would

first_imgNick Wright in for ColinNick Says:Ryan Lochte made an international incident out of a mole hill.The NFL players should stand up to Roger Goodell, but Nick can’t blame them if they don’t.Nick Wright PSA: Kids, don’t get tattoos on your neck unless you’re independently wealthy.Guests:Conor McGregor – UFC Featherweight champ joins the show to talk about his upcoming mega fight with Nate Diaz, his predictions for the rematch, and whether he thinks he was a factor in the UFC’s $4 billion sale.Dan Wetzel – Yahoo! Sports Senior writer is live on site at the Olympic swimmers perp walk in Rio, how the whole thing unraveled, why Brazil is ticked at him, what happens from here, and who he’s got in McGregor/Diaz.last_img


Rookie Auston Matthews sets NHL record with 4 goals in debut for

first_img Here are all four of Matthews’ goals from last night.Worth watching again and again @MapleLeafs: All four Matthews goals, all right here. #TMLtalk #StandWitness— Jim Cerny (@JimCerny) October 13, 2016 Advertisement This morning, a kid from Scottsdale is the toast of Canada, and one of the NHL’s most historic franchises after a record setting debut last night.Toronto Maple Leafs rookie Auston Matthews netted 4 goals in his first professional hockey game, setting an NHL record. The American born Matthews was the #1 overall draft pick in the 2016 NHL Draft.The Maple Leafs ended up losing the game, 5-4 to the Senators, but they appear to have found a potential star in the 19-year old Matthews.It’s only one game, but as far as professional sports debuts go, he definitely gets an Eh.last_img read more


VIDEO released of emotional Jeff Fisher informing Rams coaching staff hes been

first_imgJeff Fisher was fired as head coach of the Rams after a 42-14 blowout loss to the Falcons. By any standard, the Rams first season in Los Angeles was a disaster.A new clip from the Amazon series All or Nothing: A season on with the Los Angeles Rams has been released showing Fisher’s emotional farewell speech to his Rams coaching staff, in which he informs the shocked room that he’s been fired.Even though Fisher probably deserved to get canned, this video shows it still stings. But, just to be clear, he definitely, definitely deserved to get fired.“Unfortunately, I won’t be there this weekend… I was just fired.” – Jeff FisherStream @allornothingtv: June 30th on @AmazonVideo.— NFL (@NFL) June 29, 2017 Advertisementlast_img