WASHINGTON, D.C. – U.S. President Barack Obama on Tuesday presented a long-awaited roadmap to close the controversial U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay, saying it was time to shutter a facility that betrayed U.S. interests and values.With less than a year left in office, Obama unveiled a plan that says the United States should continue to transfer low-risk detainees to other countries and which describes how 13 possible replacement facilities could save the U.S. taxpayer millions of dollars each year.“For many years, it’s been clear that the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay does not advance our national security. It undermines it,” Obama said in a White House address. “This is about closing a chapter in our history. It reflects the lessons that we’ve learned since 9/11 — lessons that need to guide our nation going forward.”A total of 91 suspected jihadists remain at Guantanamo, a prison that once housed about 700 inmates at its peak and has become synonymous around the world with torture, indefinite detention and orange jumpsuits.Obama has pushed for Guantanamo’s closure since taking office in 2009, but his efforts have been thwarted by Republican lawmakers, many of whom see it as a useful tool in combating terror. Obama says the opposite is true, and that the facility feeds into anti-U.S., jihadist propaganda.The U.S. president also has faced opposition from within his own administration, with the Pentagon accused of slow-pedaling transfers and overstating closure costs.“This plan deserves a fair hearing, even in an election year,” Obama said Tuesday. Welcome to the U.S. Naval Station in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Mladen Antonov/AFP‘Dangerous precedent’The Guantanamo Bay closure plan, which took months to produce, gives few specifics on where a U.S. facility would be, but military officials have previously listed Fort Leavenworth, Kansas or the U.S. Navy brig in Charleston, South Carolina among the possible destinations for inmates.Those locations, however, face objections from local politicians.The U.S. leader has long argued that many Guantanamo prisoners should be transferred overseas and some should be tried by military courts.A small number — those deemed too dangerous to release but too difficult to prosecute — would be held in the United States.But Congress has placed a ban on transfers to the U.S., deepening the legal thicket.Human rights groups worry this would only extend detentions without trial and create a “Guantanamo North.”“The possibility of a new, parallel system of lifelong incarceration inside the United States without charge would set a dangerous precedent,” Amnesty International said in a statement. “If successfully mounted, it would be a devastating blow to basic principles of criminal justice.”Saving money?The plan says a U.S. facility would save money over time. It currently costs about $455 million each year to run Guantanamo, and a U.S. site would reduce that amount by up to $180 million.Most of the savings would come from a decrease in the number of troops guarding the reduced population on the U.S. mainland, but it could cost as much as $475 million in one-time expenses to move the men and build or update a facility to hold them.“However, within three to five years the lower operating costs of a U.S. facility with fewer detainees … could fully offset these transition costs,” the report notes. Related posts:6 Guantanamo detainees turned over to Uruguay After 23 years, the US is dropping its claim that Cuba sponsors terrorism. Here’s what it means. White House finalizing plan to close Guantanamo prison Obama promises human rights talk with Castro 91 prisoners leftBoth as a candidate and while president, Obama promised to close Guantanamo, arguing indefinite detention and “enhanced interrogation” violated the nation’s values and handed militants a potent recruiting tool.Efforts to transfer prisoners overseas have been stymied by unrest in Yemen — a likely destination for many — and by recidivism among those already released.Still, Defense Secretary Ashton Carter has in recent weeks signed off on a flurry of transfers, and last month, the prison’s population dropped below 100 for the first time.Today, 91 inmates remain. Of them, 35 have been approved for release. The rest face ongoing, indefinite detention.Perhaps the most notorious prisoner is Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who along with four co-defendants is charged with plotting the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.The Guantanamo Bay military prison was opened in January 2002 on a U.S. Naval base on a coastal spit of land in southeastern Cuba, leased from Havana under a treaty dating back to 1903.It was set up after the 9/11 attacks under the administration of then-president George W. Bush to deal with prisoners who were termed “enemy combatants” and denied many U.S. legal rights. Facebook Comments
Dodgers’ Will Smith: ‘I feel like it’s been five years’ since his 2019 debut That will not be enough for baseball people who wanted Luhnow suspended permanently.When John Coppolella, the Braves’ general manager, misreported signing bonuses for international players and made separate deals with agents, he was banned for life.When Chris Correa, a functionary in the Cardinals’ office, hacked into Houston’s computer networks because he knew where Luhnow was burying his data, he went to the slammer for 46 months and also was banned for life.Manfred could have been far tougher. He could have taken an entire draft class or two away from the Astros, or fined them the equivalent of the national TV money they’d receive. But he cited the Astros’ cooperation, as opposed to Coppolella’s obstruction.The next casualty almost surely will be Alex Cora, who was Houston’s bench coach in 2017 and Boston’s 2018 manager. The Red Sox beat Houston in that AL Championship Series and the Dodgers in the World Series. Cora helped design the Astros’ plan to relay the signs electronically to a trash can-banger in the dugout, whose signals told the hitter what pitches were coming.Since the banger could not transmit the nature of the pitch’s movement or velocity, it’s difficult to believe this really helped the Astros, as Manfred acknowledged. Their strikeouts plunged in 2017, but apparently the signals were garbled in Game 4 of that World Series, when they got one hit on Alex Wood’s 84 pitches.Houston struck out two fewer times per game in 2017 than in 2016. But the 2017 and 2018 Astros had better hitting numbers on the road than at home.Manfred said the players were the prime movers in Garbagegate, but couldn’t justify suspending them. He threw the book at Hinch for hiding his knowledge of it. He reprimanded Luhnow for lack of institutional control, saying there was no evidence he knew. It would take major gullibility to assume he didn’t.“I am deeply disappointed that I wasn’t informed of any conduct,” Luhnow said in a statement, “because I would have stopped it.”Luhnow descended upon baseball like a mall developer upon a family farm. He worked for McKinsey, the powerful consulting firm. There, he met the son-in-law of Cardinals president Bill DeWitt, and legend has it that his mastery of fantasy-league baseball helped him get inside the door, where he ascended from the scouting department.Once in Houston, Luhnow began firing scouts and managers and wound up with perhaps the strongest roster in baseball. But Bobby Heck, one of the fired scouts, was responsible for drafting George Springer and Carlos Correa, and Jose Altuve and Dallas Keuchel were already there.Luhnow’s regime released J.D. Martinez and drafted Mark Appel with the top pick instead of future MVP Kris Bryant. To be fair, he pulled off the audacious trade for Justin Verlander that led to a championship.Related Articles Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error Harvard-Westlake alum Lucas Giolito throws no-hitter for White Sox Luhnow also traded for spouse-beater Roberto Osuna. He didn’t recognize that he couldn’t close the clubhouse to reporters because Verlander didn’t like one of them. He didn’t disapprove when assistant GM Brandon Taubman could make a jackass of himself in a post-win celebration, or when pro scouting consultant Kevin Goldstein encouraged scouts to steal signs with their cameras. He thought baseball would prosper with fewer minor league teams, an idea from the McKinsey playbook.In the end, he was undone by a decision to leave Michael Fiers off the 2017 postseason roster. Fiers was 10-8 for the season and led Houston in innings, and the Astros were 8-2 in his no-decisions. Everyone forgot it but Fiers, now with Oakland. He told The Athletic about the inner workings.It’s fashionable to scoff at baseball’s unwritten rules and ethics, made up by Boomers who disavow “fun.” Luhnow thought he could skirt the written rules, too, even after Manfred warned him.The Dodgers will bask in their aggrievement, but no sign-stealing made them hit .205 in that series.No, the real issue is whether the punishment fell short of the crime and whether the Astros would do it again even if they knew the penalties. And they probably would. If cheating is your thing, cheat loud. Angels’ Shohei Ohtani spending downtime working in outfield Jose Suarez’s rocky start sinks Angels in loss to Astros Jeff Luhnow believed he was smarter than baseball. That belief was suspended on Monday, as was Luhnow.He is no longer the general manager of the Houston Astros, who, in winning the World Series in 2017 and the American League pennant in 2019, tried to spook the game.MLB commissioner Rob Manfred suspended Luhnow for one season. In an eruption of conscience rarely seen in owners, Jim Crane fired Luhnow.Manager A.J. Hinch got the same suspension and dismissal. The Astros were fined $5 million and lost their top draft choices in 2020 and 2021. Angels offense breaks out to split doubleheader with Astros
Boson de Higgs : les avancées du CERN enthousiasment les scientifiquesMercredi, les chercheurs du CERN ont présenté leurs résultats stupéfiants et attestant de la découverte d’un nouveau boson. Une nouvelle qui a créé un vent de joie parmi la communauté scientifique.Moins de 24 heures après l’officialisation de la découverte d’un nouveau boson par les équipes CMS et ATLAS du CERN, la communauté scientifique s’emballe. A sa tête, Peter Higgs, papa du boson portant son nom : “Je suis très surpris qu’on ait trouvé ça de mon vivant. Quand j’ai fait mon modèle, il y a plus de quarante ans, on ne savait pas du tout où chercher”.Interviewé par le quotidien suisse Le Matin, Aurelio Bay, du Laboratoire de Physique des Hautes Energies à l’Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) explique : “Comme on ne connaissait pas sa masse, on ne savait pas où le chercher. En plus, nous n’étions pas sûrs de nous ! Sa découverte est donc une victoire. Elle représente un véritable jalon dans l’histoire de la physique, un pivot autour duquel les chercheurs vont pouvoir angler leurs travaux. C’est un peu comme lorsque Newton a établi la loi universelle de la gravitation au 17e siècle”. Il ajoute également : “C’est aussi incroyable sur le plan humain, car plus de 10.000 chercheurs du monde entier ont ainsi montré qu’ils pouvaient unir leurs efforts pour parvenir à ce résultat”. Alice Bean, professeur de physique et d’astronomie à l’Université du Kansas qui a participé à l’élaboration de CMS, lui donne d’ailleurs raison : “L’un des aspects les plus grisants [a été] de travailler ensemble dans un grand groupe pour étudier des processus complexes”. La “particule de Dieu” ou quelque chose d’encore plus grand ?Anne-Isabelle Etienvre est physicienne au Commissariat à l’énergie atomique (CEA) et travaille sur ATLAS. Pour elle, il s’agit dans tous les cas “d’une avancée majeure pour la recherche fondamentale” qui pourrait marquer la fin d’un chapitre : “Si c’est [le] boson [de Higgs], c’est la fin d’une histoire. La découverte valide […] une fois pour toute le Modèle standard. Si, en revanche, c’est encore une autre particule, cela nous permet d’explorer des pistes nouvelles, de faire des recherches pendant des années”.Yves Sirois, l’un des porte-parole de l’expérience CMS, renchérit pour sa part : “C’est peut-être le boson de Higgs qu’on a trouvé, aujourd’hui on a peut-être compris comment la matière a pu s’organiser au début de l’univers, un millième de milliardième de seconde après le Big Bang [ou] c’est peut-être quelque chose de beaucoup plus grand qui ouvre la fenêtre d’une nouvelle théorie au-delà du Modèle standard”. À lire aussiMaladie de Charcot : symptômes, causes, traitement, où en est on ?Aurelio Bay estime quant-à-lui que “La découverte pourrait ouvrir la voie à une nouvelle physique, notamment en ce qui concerne la matière noire ou l’énergie noire. Car la matière visible ne représente que 4% de l’énergie de tout l’univers”. “Il y a une conséquence philosophique à cette découverte”Pour Etienne Klein, directeur de recherche au CEA, interrogé par FRANCE 24 : “Il y a une conséquence philosophique [à cette découverte]”. D’ailleurs, la détection du boson intéresse aussi les grands philosophes contemporains. En effet, l’astrophysicien et philosophe Hubert Reeves estime que même si cette découverte “n’aura pas un impact sur toute la pensée humaine comme celle de Galilée”, “c’est un grand moment pour la physique”. Elle “ne modifiera vraisemblablement pas notre compréhension du monde” mais “elle confirme celle que nous avons déjà dans le cadre du comportement de la matière et c’est déjà beaucoup”.Pour le philosophe, historien des sciences et théologien Jacques Arnould, la découverte du boson “ajoute encore à deux sentiments sans cesse confortés et renouvelés au sein du grand public : l’étonnement et le vertige”. Il considère que, face à ce “vertige”, on peut “s’interroger avec fierté et responsabilité sur les raisons de notre singularité d’être humain, pensant, qui a une conscience de lui-même et cherche à savoir”. Jacques Arnould conclut également : “Nous ne sommes ni plus près, ni plus loin de Dieu qu’hier. Nous sommes dans une époque extraordinaire en terme de construction d’un savoir collectif sur ce qui nous constitue, dans lequel pour une fois on ne se fait pas la guerre”.Le 5 juillet 2012 à 14:49 • Maxime Lambert
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the author of The Man Without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin, and much of what is known of his earlier days comes from him and his friends at the time. In its supporting affidavit, The algorithm, through its counsel, Office of the Head of Civil Service of the Federation (OHCSF).