The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), a regional arm of the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO), called today for the elimination of industrial trans fats from food supplies throughout the Americas in order to prevent heart attacks. Citing “conclusive evidence” that consuming trans fats increases the risk of heart disease and possibly the risk of sudden cardiac death and diabetes, nutrition and public health experts convened by PAHO said reducing such consumption by just 2 per cent to 4 per cent of total calories would prevent an estimated 30,000 to 225,000 heart attacks in Latin America and the Caribbean.The negative effects of trans fats “are completely avoidable through good education and information,” said Dr. Ricardo Uauy, President of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences and chairman of a task force on the issue.Trans fats are found primarily in foods that contain partially hydrogenated oils, whose texture and longer shelf-life make them attractive to food processors, but which have harmful effects on human health, according to the experts. Research has shown that trans fats contribute to heart disease by raising levels of “bad cholesterol,” lowering levels of “good cholesterol,” and damaging the cells in the linings of blood vessels, contributing to inflammation and blockage and leading to heart attacks.The PAHO task force suggested several measures to speed up the process of eliminating trans fats from food in the Americas, including eliminating industrial trans fat from food supplies and promoting unsaturated fats as an alternative. It also recommended that governments consider mandatory labelling of trans fat content in foods, and that public health advocates work with industry to speed the phasing out of trans fats and to promote healthier oils and fats in foods.The experts noted that several countries have begun to take action to reduce or eliminate industrially produced trans fats. Canada and the United States both require labelling of trans fat in processed foods and recommend that consumers reduce trans fat consumption to as little as possible. Meanwhile, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Paraguay and Uruguay are all considering proposals to reduce trans fat consumption by their populations. 7 June 2007The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), a regional arm of the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO), called today for the elimination of industrial trans fats from food supplies throughout the Americas in order to prevent heart attacks.
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Today, I am laying before Parliament legislation reducing court fees for certain proceedings in the civil courts and the Court of Protection in England and Wales. As a result, claimants bringing these proceedings will pay less to access the courts.The reduction to these fees follows a thorough and detailed review undertaken by officials in the Ministry of Justice into the cost of these proceedings. Our review has identified a number of cases where the fees charged were above full cost recovery levels. We are therefore taking action to reduce those fees. We will also be establishing a refund scheme to reimburse people the amounts they have been over-charged. We are also taking action to refund those who have been overcharged fees to commence certain low value personal injury claims, known as “stage 3” claims. Officials are working on the detailed arrangements and full details of the scheme, including the types of case affected, and how to apply, will be announced in due course.These changes affect the fees charged for certain proceedings in the Court of Protection; a number of civil proceedings in the magistrates’ courts; fees for general applications in insolvency proceedings; and the fees charged for High Court judges sitting as arbitrators. The intention when these fees were prescribed was that they should be set at, or below, full cost recovery levels and it was on that basis that they were approved by Parliament.As part of our ongoing improvements we are making to the justice system, including the Government’s £1bn investment in Court Reform, we will continue our review of court fees, including the methodology for setting those fees, to minimise the risk of this issue re-occurring in future. The vision of the reform is to modernise and upgrade the court and tribunal system so that it works even better for everyone, from the victims of crime, witnesses and litigants to judges and legal professionals.
England beat South Africa in tense finish to reach Lord’s finalHOSTS England reached the Women’s World Cup final following a nerve-racking two-wicket win over South Africa in Bristol.Anya Shrubsole steered a tense England over the line with just two balls to spare after they lost six wickets for 78 runs.Heather Knight’s side were chasing South Africa’s 218-6, built on Mignon du Preez’s unbeaten 76.They will face Australia or India in Sunday’s final at Lord’s.England required a boundary from number 10 Shrubsole to seal the win after they appeared to be cruising towards victory.Sarah Taylor – arguably their best player – scored a typically classy half-century in a stand of 78 with captain Knight (30) to take them to within 80 runs of victory.However, both players fell in quick succession – Knight to a wonderful catch from Laura Wolvaardt at square leg – and a collapse followed.Nat Sciver (3) was bowled round her legs and Katherine Brunt (12) was dismissed charging the seamer, but Fran Wilson (30) and the experienced Gunn, with a run-a-ball 27, held their nerve.Taking singles initially before being more expansive in the closing overs, they inched England towards victory.There was still time for brief alarm when both Wilson and Laura Marsh fell in quick succession, but Shrubsole drove her first ball for four to spark wild celebrations in the England camp and reduce a number of South Africa players to tearsTAYLOR THE ALL-ROUND STARWicketkeeper Taylor, who is once again an integral part of the side after being sidelined with anxiety-related issues, was named player-of-the-match following an outstanding all-round display.She executed a brilliant leg-side stumping to remove South Africa’s Trisha Chetty in a near-flawless display with the gloves.To underline her importance in a low-scoring contest, Chetty – Taylor’s opposite number – spilled two catches and was largely responsible for her side conceding 25 extras.With the bat, South Africa’s teenage opener Wolvaardt hit her fourth half-century of the competition and Du Preez impressed with some silky off-side play and hard-hitting into the leg side.However, once again, England’s bowlers were miserly – Brunt and Laura Marsh conceding just 22 runs in the powerplay.CAN ENGLAND WIN IT?Since losing their opening match of the competition against India, England have won every game – topping the group table on their way to the final four.They have the tournament’s leading run-scorer – Tammy Beaumont – and in Sciver an explosive all-rounder who has hit two centuries in the competition.Taylor and Knight lead a formidable middle order while, in the field, Brunt has bowled more dot balls than anyone else in the competition.Australia are the defending champions, but England won it in 2009 and also on the other two occasions they were hosts – in 1973 and 1993.The Lord’s final is a 26 500 sellout and the International Cricket Council released a statement last Wednesday declaring that 50% of ticket buyers were female and 31% were under the age of 16 – suggesting the tournament has been a hit with some new cricket fans.(BBC Sport)