By Margot Eliason & Kawtar EnnajiRabat – The Moroccan parliamentary commission for teaching, culture, and communication has approved a new framework law for education. The framework law allows for technical subjects to be taught in foreign languages, and require Tamazight to be taught to all Moroccans.The parliamentary commission approved the framework law by a vast majority. 25 voted in favour of the new law, while two voted against the framework. There were also three abstentions. The commission was, however, divided on two controversial provisions. A number of members of parliament abstained from voting for Article 2 and Article 31, which were only approved by 12 and 11 votes respectively.Article 2 specifies that scientific and technical subjects can now be taught in foreign languages through a pedagogy called “Linguistic Alternation” (the equivalent of Content Language Integrated Learning).The article defines the “Linguistic Alternation” method as a “progressive educational choice used in multilingual education, in an aim to diversify the teaching of languages.” However, the framework stresses that this new method should be followed “while prioritizing Morocco’s two official languages [Arabic and Tamazight (Berber)].”Read also: Minister of Education Launches National Platform “Morocco Digital University”Article 2 adds that this reform “will be carried out through teaching some subjects, in particular scientific or technical subjects, or chapters of certain subjects in one or more foreign languages.” Article 31 relates to teaching Tamazight in school. It states that “upon completing high school, students should have mastered both Arabic and Tamazight in addition to two foreign languages.”The law also states that, “all foreign schools based in Morocco are required to teach Arabic and Tamazight to the Moroccan children enrolled in classes.” The framework does not appear to apply to foreign students. Choice of language in schoolsThe new framework law promotes multilingual education. The choice of foreign language, and its integration into the curriculum will then be a matter of choice for the school. Teaching in languages other than Arabic has raised controversy. Some schools already teach scientific subjects in French. Some say this entrenches disadvantage when it comes to accessing higher education which is delivered in French.In January 2015, the Higher Council of Education discussed prioritizing teaching English over French as a foreign language.For some, English is an “international” language which will provide students with a competitive advantage.“English is becoming more and more essential in higher education schools and universities,” Samir Benmakhlouf, CEO of London Academy Casablanca, told Moroccan newsource Le Matin in February.“The mastery of this language is crucial as the majority of international conferences and scientific journals are in English,” he added. “In the job market, it is the linguistic dimension that makes the difference between two otherwise equal candidates,” he explained.The Minister for Education Said Amzazi stated that the approval of the legal framework today was a “historical moment.”It is the first time that the education sector will have its own legal framework, which is a first step towards the Moroccan education system “taking off,” Amzazi told Maghreb Arab Press (MAP).The legal framework aims to promote access to equal education for all Moroccan children.
Where does Romelu Lukaku’s future lie? 1 Romelu Lukaku could snub a potential return to Chelsea in favour of a move to Manchester United, according to reports.Lukaku is desperate for Champions League football and is said to be pushing for an exit from Everton this summer, having so far refused to sign a new deal at Goodison Park.The Belgian striker is wanted by his former club, with the Blues expected to finally lose Diego Costa to China.But, according to The Sun, Lukaku is not so keen on a move back to Stamford Bridge.The 23-year-old is said to be put off a return to London by the playing style of manager Antonio Conte.While favouring the long frontman, Italian Conte demands high-energy from his strikers defensively, wanting them to constantly press their opponents while off the ball.It’s unfamiliar territory to Lukaku, and it is believed his concerns about how he would fit into Chelsea’s team could see him pass up the chance to sign.United boss Jose Mourinho, meanwhile, has made no secret of his admiration for Lukaku, and could pursue a deal in the summer as he looks to revamp his attack at Old Trafford.
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eespiderman, Union Minister Arun Jaitley while releasing the document said BJP’s manifesto is particularly aimed at improving the social infrastructure in Punjab,” said Punjab junior rowing coach GS Cheema,interact?The feasibility study of this stretch will ascertain whether we should construct a flyover or underpass, said an official Up to 80 per cent of the proposed corridor is already signal-freewith just two traffic lights at Majnu Ka Tilla and Metcalfe House crossing Other projects for which consultants are likely to be hired include an underpass at NH-10below Peeragarhi flyover; elevated road at New Rohtak Road between Zakhira flyover and Anand Parbat; corridor improvement from Najafgarh to Raja Garden; and at Pankha Road from Uttam Nagar Metro station to Kirbi Place; and an elevated road over Najafgarh Road from Kakrola More to Meera Bagh The feasibility study from Meera Bagh to Wazirabad has already been done Feasibility study for corridor improvement of Road no 30 till Jwala Heri Market near Paschim Vihar and improvement of road starting from Pankha road to Hari Nagar crossing at Jail Road will also be carried out The government has also hired structural consultants for recently cleared projects of building a 20-km Outer Ring Road stretch between Vikaspuri and Wazirabad signal-free and an elevated road over the 21-km stretch on Ring Road between Prembari Pul and Azadpurwhich will cost about Rs 2485 crore The consultant will prepare a detailed project report and preliminary drawings for both these projects which should be ready in another three months?5 mm thick and weighs 203 grams. the vigilance department had sought records for the year 2012-2016 from the Chandigarh Police. 6 NCP candidates (Rs 58. in the company of Tang Jinhua, And Tai.
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Denmark-based shipping company Hafnia Tankers has completed two sale and leaseback transactions with a Sole Shipping fund.The vessels included in the deal with the company’s business arm, Skaatholmen Shipping, are the 2010-built LR1 tankers, Hafnia Asia and Hafnia Arctic.The vessels have been sold to Skaatholmen Shipping with a seven-year bareboat charter back with annual purchase options from year two onwards and a purchase obligation in year seven.Hafnia Tankers informed that the transaction entailed a sale of the vessels at market value and a fully levered lease arrangement which gives rise to a positive liquidity effect of around USD 19 million and “further adds to the already strong cash position”.The profile of the lease arrangement allows Hafnia to abide by its policy of maintaining a low cash-breakeven. The company said that the transaction has been finalized and the ships have been handed over to the lessor.