Apartheid denied South Africans the right to vote, to work, to access education, to move freely, to love and marry who they wanted, and more. Freedom Day – 27 April 1994 – changed all that. We look at how far we’ve come.There are two entrances to the Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg − one for whites and another for non-whites. This was the reality during apartheid. (Image: Brand South Africa)Brand South Africa reporterApartheid legislation denied people the right to vote, to work, to access education, to move freely, to love and marry who they wanted, to be free of the fear of imprisonment without trial.Freedom Day – 27 April 1994 – changed all that. It ushered in a new constitutional democracy, underpinned by a groundbreaking Bill of Rights. We take a look at how far we’ve come over two decades of freedom.Compared to the apartheid era, where the majority had no political rights and parties opposed to apartheid were banned, all South Africans now have the right to freedom of association and are free to make political choices and campaign for any political party or cause.Whereas the majority of South Africans were denied the right to vote during the apartheid era, every adult citizen now has the right to take part in free, fair and regular elections, the right to vote and to stand for public office and, if elected, to hold office.All South Africans have the right to assemble, demonstrate, picket and present petitions, as long as this is done peacefully.Under apartheid, journalists critical of the government were often harrassed, detained and even assassinated. Anti-apartheid publications always risked being banned. By contrast, all South Africans now have the right to freedom of expression.The press and other media can express themselves freely and there is academic freedom and freedom of scientific research.The Bill of Rights also makes provision for the right to access any information that is required for the exercise or protection of any rights. The freedom of expression does not extend to propaganda of war, incitement of imminent violence or advocacy of hatred based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion.Compared to the apartheid era, all South Africans are now equal before the law and have the right to equal protection and benefit of the law.Whereas during apartheid people were detained without trial, mainly for their political beliefs, all citizens now have the right to freedom and security of the person, which includes the right not to be detained without trial and not to be treated or punished in a cruel, inhuman or degrading way.Everyone who is detained has the right to be told the reason for their detention, and to legal representation. Everyone who is arrested for allegedly committing an offence has the right to remain silent and to a fair trial or hearing before a court.Watch US Supreme Court judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg extol the “great piece of work” that is South Africa’s Constitution:While the apartheid state sought to deprive the majority of South Africans of their citizenship and controlled their movement through oppressive pass laws and other means, no citizen may be deprived of citizenship and everyone has the right to freely move through the country, reside anywhere and hold a passport.Whereas the apartheid state reserved skilled jobs for white South Africans, all citizens now have the right to choose their trade, occupation or profession.All citizens have the right to fair labour practices, to form and join a trade union and participate in its activities and programmes and the right to engage in collective bargaining. No one may be subjected to slavery, servitude and forced labour.While access to education was racially determined during apartheid, all South Africans now have the right to basic education, including adult basic education, and to further education, which the state has sought to progressively make available and accessible.All South Africans now have the right to access health care, water and social security and appropriate social assistance if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants. No-one may be refused emergency medical treatment.Every child, regardless of race, has a right to basic nutrition, shelter, basic health services and social services. Every child also has the right to family care or parental care and to be protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse or degradation and exploitative labour practices.Compared to the apartheid era, all citizens have the right to freedom of sexual orientation, conscience, religion, thought, belief and opinion.During apartheid, not only was same-sex marriage unheard of, but homosexuality was illegal. In 2006 South Africa became only the fifth country in the world to pass legislation allowing gay and lesbian people to marry – way ahead of so-called developed democracies such as Norway, Sweden and the UK.Apartheid’s “immorality” legislation also outlawed sex and marriage between people of different races. Today, all marriages concluded under any tradition, or any system of religious, person or family law, are recognised.Compared to the further oppression and discrimination women experienced during the apartheid era, they now have equal rights before the law, including the right to make decisions regarding reproduction.Source: South African Government websiteWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Nor should we forget that Setién has had the real possibility of giving minutes to players of the subsidiary, especially in the Copa del Rey competition, where it was played with teams like Ibiza, Second B, but finally decided to bet on first team players in their vast majority.His predecessor in office, Ernesto Valverde, was also widely criticized for not betting on the people of the house. Nevertheless, During the two and a half seasons that he was in charge of the first team, the ‘Txingurri’ managed to debut a total of 14 players. The first on the list was striker José Manuel Arnaiz. From here came the premieres of Marc Cucurella, David Costas and Oriol Busquets. In their second campaign, eight kids premiered in the first team: Juan Miranda, Jorge Cuenca, Chumi, Riqui Puig, Moussa Wagué, Alex Collado, Abel Ruiz and Carles Pérez. And while he was in the 2019/20 academic year, Ansu Fati and Ronald Araujo debuted. The excuse that Setién has had little time to start working thoroughly with the quarry is a feasible argumentAlthough the coach himself has publicly acknowledged that he has not been convinced by the players in Blaugrana grassroots football. His phrase, “What do people want: the quarry or move on?” will go down in history. On the day of his presentation, Quique Setién claimed to have a special empathy towards the youth academy and the kids who rise from grassroots football, “if they push and earn it, they can play in the first team”, reason why more than one began to rub their hands believing that the image of a first team plagued by youth squads in the starting team would be repeated very soon. In any case, Very soon it began to be verified that from saying to fact there is a stretch: the initial bets for Riqui Puig or Ansu Fati were mitigated until they became little more than testimonials.In fact, Setién has not debuted any player from the quarry. In the three months he has been on the bench – although the last one has been confined by the coronavirus pandemic – he has had the opportunity to give the alternative to two players: striker Rey Manaj, which he called against Getafe on February 15 and defender Sergio Akieme, who called for the matches against Eibar and Naples, on February 22 and 25, respectively, due to the loss due to injury of Jordi Alba on the left wing. Neither of them finally debuted. Neither is goalkeeper Iñaki Peña, who has been called up in several games.
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Among other roads, construction work for the drainage project continues on Sixth Street looking toward Bay Avenue. Work to be completed in the week of Dec. 17-21:Construction contractor Feriozzi Concrete will continue work on Pleasure Avenue between Sixth Street and Seventh Street, as well as Sixth Street from Bay Avenue to the bulkhead. Pipe crews will install inlets on Pleasure Avenue before finishing tie-ins at both Third Street and Bay Avenue and at Sixth Street and Bay Avenue. A second crew will begin installation of the pump station at Sixth and Bay. Road contractor South State will begin work early next week. The contractor will be topping Third Street, milling and paving Seventh Street from West to Bay, as well as Moore and Haven avenues between Seventh and Eighth.Another contractor, Arthur Henry, will continue the installation of the bulkhead at Third Street. Project Design:See Design Presentation for DetailPaving is scheduled for the intersection of Seventh Street and Moore Avenue.