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Polar stratification: A critical view from the Southern Ocean

first_imgOceanic stratification represents an effective mechanism to reduce vertical mixing of the water column, thereby locking up carbon dioxide (CO2) in the deep sea and preventing air–sea exchange of CO2. It has been proposed that enhanced stratification of the upper water column in polar oceans during late Cenozoic cooling episodes limited the upwelling of CO2-rich deep waters and thus CO2-release to the atmosphere, resulting in a net global drawdown of atmospheric CO2. Increased stratification in the Subarctic Northwest Pacific, during both the onset of Northern Hemisphere glaciation at 2.73 Ma and late Quaternary glacial periods, has been recently linked to enhanced ocean stratification south of the Antarctic Polar Front (APF) in the Pacific and Atlantic sectors of the Southern Ocean. Increased stratification of Southern Ocean surface waters was mainly deduced from a reduction of biological production during these cooling episodes, manifested by the decrease of geochemical proxies for productivity, such as biogenic opal and barium, in the marine sediment records. However, the records chosen from the Southern Ocean do not provide evidence for a more stratified upper water column, rather the observed decrease in biological productivity is likely to have resulted from an expansion of annual sea-ice coverage. The sediment records suggest that south of the APF in the Pacific and Atlantic sectors of the Southern Ocean, extensive sea ice may have contributed to the global CO2-drawdown during glacial periods, with hypothetical glacial increase of stratification in today’s permanent open-ocean zone merely being an “add on“ caused by this expansion.last_img read more

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When Will Bad Fall Storms Hit? Just Ask the Trees.

first_imgFacebook26Tweet0Pin1Submitted by Take Winter By StormTrees bare during the winter line College Street in Lacey.Weather experts predict big storms ahead; get winter-ready nowWhen will that first classic, havoc-creating fall storm hit Western Washington?(That’s the storm that strips deciduous trees of their leaves all at once, clogging street drains and bringing flooding across the region.)Any day now. Just ask the trees.Dr. Sarah Reichard, University of Washington tree expert and director of the U.W. Botanic Gardens, says watching the trees in your neighborhood — as well as the weather report — is the secret to predicting when those first flood-causing storms will hit.“As day length and temperatures decrease, leaves stop producing chlorophyll, which gives them their green color,” says Reichard at today’s launch of Take Winter By Storm – an annual preparedness campaign to help citizens get prepared before bad weather strikes. “Thus begins their vibrant color changes and the process of separating from the tree.”This changing color toward brown is the sure sign residents need to be on the lookout for as the region is faced with what’s expected to be some very wet weather this winter. Karen Rich, program manager for Take Winter By Storm, says the combination of loose leaves, wind and heavy rain is what clogs neighborhood storm drains causing localized flooding.When that happens, local agencies urge residents to rake storm drains clear. This small effort goes a long way toward keeping roads safe and protecting property.“Urban flooding is just the first of many hazards that come with our Pacific Northwest fall and winter weather,” says Rich. “Citizens need to be weather ready throughout the season, and can find the tools and tips they need at TakeWinterByStorm.org.”According to a September 2013 Survey USA report of residents across King, Kitsap, Pierce and Snohomish counties, nearly half (49%) of all respondents have taken no action at this point to get prepared for winter weather.Here are some tips for getting started:·         Create an emergency preparedness kit with at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food and water for the home and office. Kits prepared for vehicle road travel and winter weather evacuation go-kits are also advised.Make a communication plan and practice the plan with family and those who depend on you.Stay informed and monitor the weather approaching so you are prepared for whatever Mother Nature throws our way.Visit TakeWinterByStorm.org for more information and helpful resources, such as a downloadable preparedness and maintenance checklists and emergency contact cards.last_img read more

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Get Your DIY Groove on at Olympia Zine Fest 2017

first_imgFacebook77Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Olympia Zine FestOlympia Zine Fest invites community members to a three-day celebration of zines and DIY culture. The 3rd annual festival will take place October 13-15 in downtown Olympia.Zine creators Chelsea Baker and Max Carl Key attended the 2015 event. Photo credit: Emily McHugh.Zines are self-published works, often photocopied, and can be about any topic. Olympia Zine Fest welcomes newcomers and seasoned zine-makers alike.The event kicks off with a Zine-athon at the Olympia Timberland Library, where participants can use the library’s supplies to create a zine, swap with other zine-makers, and partake in an open mic-style zine reading. Olympia Zine Fest events are open to people of all ages.The second day of the festival begins with an expo at the Olympia Center, where attendees can purchase zines and participate in workshops. The expo will be followed by zine readings and live music at Obsidian.Olympia Zine Fest concludes with a day of workshops at the Mixx 96 Conference Room.Workshop topics include creating a collaborative giant comic, combating fatphobia, making shrinky dinks, project problem-solving, self-publishing, suicide awareness & prevention, and keeping the art of letter writing alive with Olympia’s Correspondence Club.Olympia Zine Fest ScheduleFriday, October 13Kick-off Zine-athon!6:30 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.Olympia Timberland Library – 313 8th Ave. SEFreeSaturday, October 14Expo and workshops11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.Olympia Center – 222 Columbia St. NWFreeZine readings hosted by Guest of Honor Nia KingReaders include Auro Rose, Eileen Chavez, M. Sabine Rear, Nia King, Niamh Timmons, and Nicole Witch Hazel7:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.Obsidian – 414 4th Ave. EFreeSunday, October 15Workshops11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.Mixx 96 Conference Room119 Washington St. NEFreelast_img read more

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A Slice of Hoboken Moving to Red Bank, Carlo’s Bakery of…

first_imgBy Michele J. KuhnRED BANK – A new “boss” is coming to town.It’s the Cake Boss, aka Buddy Valastro. He and his family will be locating the latest branch of their Carlo’s Bakery at 86 Broad St., where Ricky’s Candy, Cones & Chaos had been. The outlet will be the fourth for the104-year Hoboken bakery, which has branches already operating in Ridgewood and Westfield and one planned for Greenwich, Conn.The location of a full-service bakery in Red Bank, where cakes, pastries, cookies and breads will be baked on premises, fits in with the company’s philosophy of locating in thriving, upscale downtowns.“We’re really looking for those great downtowns where we can be part of the community, part of that environment,” said Adam Bourcier, chief brand officer for Carlo’s. “Red Bank is a great walking downtown. Obviously it’s a year-round town that will probably end up being our strongest summer store.“We have no plans to go down the shore, if you will … (Red Bank) is a shore town without being a shore town,” he said. “It has the theater there… There are lots of great restaurants there. It really fits. When you look at Hoboken, Ridgewood, Westfield, a natural extension of that is Red Bank.”Plans call for the 3,400-square foot store to be open “by the holidays” with the best-case scenario being Thanksgiving and worst case by Christmas. Though the manager has not yet been named, Carlo’s expects to employ 25 to 30 people in the new location, Bourcier said.Representatives of the bakery were expected to drop off applications and floor plans to the borough on Thursday, Sept. 26, to obtain the necessary building permits. Because a bakeshop is already a permitted use in the location, no zoning or planning board approvals will be needed, Bourcier said.The store will feature a “cake bar” where customers will be able to see bakers making the sweets that will fill the store’s glass-fronted display counters. “People will be able to see cakes and other baked good and pastries being brought to life right in front of their faces,” he said.The longtime family business really got a boost and a national identity when it was first was featured in the TLC Network show Cake Boss in 2009. The show features Valastro and employees, many of whom are his family members, as they create fanciful and elaborate cakes for special occasions. Since the Cake Boss debuted, Valastro and Carlo’s has been the focus of other television shows and the business has grown to include its Lackawanna Cake Factory, the other downtown outlets and anonline presence where people can order baked good to be delivered across the country. Bourcier said, while the Red Bank location may occasionally appear on Cake Boss, it will not be regularly featured.“It’s still a family owned business…It’s always been a busy bakery. Obviously, since the show premiered in 2009, things have changed, especially at the Hoboken location. It became much more of a tourist-type destination. A lot of people obviously come to New York City, and Hoboken is a 15 or 20 minute PATH ride away,” he said. “Especially during the summer when there are school breaks, we’ll have people there from Australia at times.”Carlo’s also has a partnership with Norwegian Cruise Lines where they now have a bakery on one of the ships that goes out of New York.last_img read more

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STABLE NOTES BY ED GOLDEN – SATURDAY JULY 2, 2016

first_imgSONGBIRD BREEZES FOR EAST COAST CAMPAIGNNARDO MAKES HIS STAKES DEBUT IN THOR’S ECHOKNAPP HOPES TO CATCH SPEEDSTERS SLEEPINGFIRING LINE IN ‘PERFECT’ WORK TO MEET ‘CHROME’ TOC OFFERS FREE ‘BUYING A RACEHORSE’ SEMINARDel Mar Thoroughbred Club, Barretts Sales and Thoroughbred Ownersof California (TOC) will host a free “Buying a Racehorse” Seminar and Preview of the Paddock Sale for prospective owners at Del Mar on Saturday, July 23, starting at 9 a.m. in the Veranda Café and ending at approximately 11:30 a.m.Seminar panelists include bloodstock agent Rollin Baugh, trainer Ron Ellis, Jeff Lifson of West Point Thoroughbreds, and international auctioneer Ryan Mahan. They will discuss acquiring horses at auction and through private sales, claiming horses, and joining racehorse partnerships and syndicates.The seminar also will include a trip to the Barretts Sales barns, where attendees will get a close-up look at horses in training and a preview of the horses entered in that evening’s Paddock Sale. Any partnerships or syndicates interested in participating should call Mary Forney at (626) 574-6617. Reservations are recommended and can be made by calling TOC at (626) 574-6620 or visiting online at www.toconline.com. JockeyMts1st2nd3rdWin%ITM%Money Won Philip D’Amato902317826%53%$1,496,858 Stewart Elliott898879%26%$365,875 Mike Smith40138133%55%$926,437 Fernando Perez891110812%33%$426,713 Kent Desormeaux5198318%39%$350,995 Joseph Talamo12724171819%46%$1,411,268 Santiago Gonzalez16219232712%43%$985,985 SONGBIRD WORKS ‘VERY EASILY’ AT SANTA ANITASuperstar filly Songbird, who always gives her all even though she has yet to be asked for it, worked five furlongs on Santa Anita’s main track in 1:01 early Saturday morning as she prepares for an East Coast sojourn.“The clockers gave her 1:01; I got her in a minute point 85, and she galloped out very nicely and very easily,” Jerry Hollendorfer said, emphasizing the word ‘very’ on both occasions.Regular rider Mike Smith was scheduled to work Songbird, but exercise rider Edgar Rodriguez deputized for the Hall of Fame jockey when he was involved in a minor mishap on another worker shortly after the main track opened before sunup, around 5:10 a.m.“Mike was going to work her, but he had a problem this morning,” Hollendorfer said. “I told him he shouldn’t work the horse if he wasn’t 100 percent, and he agreed.”Hollendorfer outlined the schedule for undefeated champion Songbird, winner of all eight of her races for Delaware-based owner Rick Porter, who campaigns as Fox Hill Farms.“We’re looking at the Delaware Handicap on the 16th (of July) and we’re looking at the Coaching Club American Oaks (at Saratoga on July 24), and we definitely want to run in the Alabama (at Saratoga on Aug. 20),” Hollendorfer said.“So what the first race is, we don’t know yet.”The $750,000 Delaware Handicap at a mile and a quarter is for fillies and mares, three and up; the $300,000 Oaks is at 1 1/8 miles; and the $600,000 Alabama will be decided at a mile and a quarter. Each is a Grade I race. Rafael Bejarano16240322925%62%$2,240,405 HARLINGTON’S ROSE CATCHES SPRING FEVERSteve Knapp is hoping pace will take its toll in Monday’s $100,000 Spring Fever Handicap for fillies and mares, three and up at six furlongs, and Harlington’s Rose can benefit and spring an upset.“She had her comeback race and ran third,” the trainer said of five-year-old Harlington mare that finished a distant third in an overnight race May 19, her first start in five months.“It’s a tough race. This track has pretty much been favoring speed and I’ve got to come from behind so it’s going to be a difficult task, but she’s very sharp. She’s coming into the race really well. I hope Lost Bus and Sunday Rules hook up and go real fast to give us a shot.”The Spring Fever, one in the Golden State Series, goes as race three: Lost Bus, Fernando Perez; Sunday Rules, Edwin Maldonado; Sidepocket Run, Tiago Pereira; Harlington’s Rose, Joe Talamo; and Codacious, Kent Desormeaux. Peter Miller551013718%55%$475,660 Peter Eurton4185520%44%$480,375 (Current Through Friday, July 1) John Sadler60961215%45%$730,973 Doug O’Neill90820189%51%$648,906 Patrick Gallagher2872225%39%$261,390 Richard Baltas54991217%56%$401,190 Martin Garcia771261316%40%$646,734 Martin Pedroza751081213%40%$349,870 Tyler Baze17628362916%53%$1,434,802 Richard Mandella3695625%56%$720,852 Edwin Maldonado13925221518%45%$973,386 Jerry Hollendorfer721471419%49%$973,463 Bob Baffert48139627%58%$752,603 Mark Glatt6712151018%55%$454,266 FINISH LINES: Firing Line, preparing for the San Diego Handicap on July 23 and a possible meeting with 2014 Horse of the Year California Chrome, worked four furlongs Saturday in 48 seconds, breezing. “Perfect” is how trainer Simon Callaghan termed the move for the 2015 Kentucky Derby runner-up, who would be making his first start in the San Diego after an absence of more than 13 months. At his Los Alamitos headquarters Saturday, California Chrome worked seven furlongs for Art Sherman in 1:26.40 . . . Multiple graded stakes winner Tara’s Tango worked three furlongs for Jerry Hollendorfer in 36.80, while Fair Grounds Oaks winner Land Over Sea went four furlongs for Doug O’Neill in 50 seconds flat. Melair winner Enola Gray worked five furlongs for leading trainer Phil D’Amato in 59.80 . . . The current Spring Meet will close out with a three-day week next Friday, Saturday and Sunday, July 10. Simulcast wagering will be offered on Thursday . . . Rito Almanza, a 23-year-old rider from Arequipa, Peru, the same hometown as Rafael Bejarano, makes his U.S. debut today in the second and ninth races. A multiple stakes-winning and leading apprentice in Peru, Almanza’s agent is Michael Burns. Mike Puype50105520%40%$325,450 TrainerSts1st2nd3rdWin%ITM%Money Won Flavien Prat13036201728%56%$1,755,452 Tiago Pereira98815158%39%$436,537 Chad Lindsay61971115%44%$204,510 NARDO MAKES STAKES DEBUT IN THOR’S ECHOStreaking Nardo guns for his third straight win when the four-year-old chestnut gelding makes his stakes debut in Monday’s $100,000 Thor’s Echo Handicap at six furlongs.“He’s a solid horse and tries hard every time,” said Mike Puype, who trains the son of Olmodavor for owners/breeders Anthony and Suzy Narducci.“He seems to be getting better and we’ll see if he’s up to this level. He’s done everything asked of him and this is the most logical place to run. The Narduccis have been long time clients, with me for many years. They’ll be here to root for the horse.”Nardo has finished out of the money only once in seven career starts, running fourth in a maiden allowance race last March 13.The Thor’s Echo, a part of the Golden State Series: Raised a Secret, Santiago Gonzalez; Love My Bud, Rafael Bejarano; Forest Chatter, Mike Smith; Nardo, Flavien Prat; Magic Mark, Drayden Van Dyke; and Mrazek, Mario Gutierrez. SANTA ANITA STATISTICS James Cassidy4374516%37%$415,500last_img read more

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LONG FUSED SCUBA ROMPS TO 4 ¼ LENGTH WIN IN GRADE II, $200,000 MARATHON STAKES; RIDDEN BY CARMOUCHE & TRAINED BY WALSH, HE GETS 1 ¾ MILES IN 2:58.20

first_imgARCADIA, Calif. (Nov. 4, 2016)–Favored Scuba, on or near the lead throughout the 1 ¾ mile trip, kicked clear from runner-up Hard Aces three eighths of a mile from home with Kendrick Carmouche and went on to a dominating 4 ¼ length win in Friday’s Grade II, $200,000 Marathon Stakes at Santa Anita.  Trained by Brendan Walsh, the 5-year-old gelding registered his third consecutive win and got the distance in 2:58.20.Off at 2-1 in a field of nine 3-year-olds and up, he provided Carmouche with his first-ever win at Santa Anita and paid $6.00, $3.40 and $2.60.Hard Aces, a winner of last year’s Grade I Gold Cup at Santa Anita for trainer John Sadler, was forwardly place throughout under Santiago Gonzalez and proved second best, finishing 1 ½ lengths in front of Blue Tone, who likewise had been attentive to the pace.  Off as the 3-1 second choice, he paid $4.20 and $3.40.Blue Tone, ridden by Kent Desormeaux, was off at 6-1 and paid $5.40 to show .Fractions on the race 24.17, 49.05, 1:14.67, 1:40.62 and 2:30.42.last_img read more

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CIF to decide location of D 5-AA championship game Wednesday

first_imgThe California Interscholastic Federation (CIF) — the governing body of high school sports throughout the state — will decide this afternoon whether or not it will allow Del Norte High to host the Division 5-AA state championship football game at home at Mike Whalen Field in Crescent City.Del Norte was awarded the right to host Saturday’s state title game after downing The Kings Academy on Friday in Sunnyvale in the NorCal Region Division 5-AA championship.However the CIF has yet to confirm …last_img

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World’s Tallest Modular Tower Opens

first_imgThe tallest modular building in the world, a 32-story residential tower, has opened its doors in New York City.There are 363 apartments at 461 Dean, part of a 22-acre development called Pacific Park Brooklyn that ultimately will include 6 million square feet of residential space and 6,430 units of housing. It was constructed at the intersection of Dean Street and Flatbush Avenue in Brooklyn next to one of the city’s major transportation hubs.Half of the units at 461 Dean have been set aside for low- and middle-income families, with studios starting at $559 a month (two-bedroom units at $727), according to an article posted at Wired. Affordable housing in New York City is in such short supply that 84,000 people submitted applications for the 181 affordable units this summer. Housing was assigned by lottery.According to the project’s website, market-rate studio apartments start at $2,450; two-bedroom units start at $4,750 a month.The building was constructed to meet the LEED-Silver standard, but the developer did not list any particular energy-efficiency features, such as added insulation or extra measures to reduce air leaks. Teething problems for modular buildingThe building — developed by Forest City Ratner Companies and designed by SHoP Architects — was constructed of modular units manufactured at the Brooklyn Navy Yard and moved to the site by truck. The building was an important test of how modular construction could make urban housing more affordable, Wired said, with Forest City originally predicting it would be ready for occupancy in 18 months and cost 20% less than a tower built conventionally.It didn’t work out that way. Construction ran two years behind schedule as the manufacturer, Skanska, struggled to develop the 960 different modules that would be needed to complete the building. The site itself also posed problems because it was triangular in shape, which resulted in triangular modules and added construction complexity.“In an effort to show modular has endless possibilities, we probably went a little overboard on the complexity,” Roger Krulak, who oversaw Forest City’s modular business, told Wired.As problems mounted, Forest City sued Skanska. Skanska returned the favor by suing Forest City, and Forest City ended up buying the module factory from Skanska. It has since sold the modular operation to Krulak, who founded a new company called Full Stack Modular.Even though the 461 Dean experiment wasn’t as successful as developers had hoped, Forest City CEO MaryAnne Gilmartin said the effort will help others develop complex modular buildings in the future, Wired said.last_img read more

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Despite early exit, Philippines shows it can compete against world’s best 3×3 teams

first_imgColumbian forward CJ Perez is top PBA rookie for March Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue After a sizzling first day showing that saw Pasig Chooks and Balanga Chooks stunning top-ranked teams, they were stopped on their tracks by eventual champion Riga Ghetto, 15-21, and Liman, 21-19, respectively in the knockout playoff round late Friday.But Chooks-to-Go Pilipinas 3×3 commissioner Eric Altamirano was none the less satisfied with what he saw from the Filipino bets.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“We made a statement that we belong here in the World Tour,” said Altamirano. “ “Seeing the level of play here and knowing that we can keep up with the world’s best, it will definitely make our players hungrier to get back in the next legs of the World Tour.Pasig and Balanga went 2-0 in the group stages. The Chooks to Go Pilipinas 3×3 champions took down no. 1 team Liman while Balanga shocked Riga, 19-17, to kick of their campaign. LATEST STORIES The Pasig quartet of Taylor Statham, Joshua Munzon, Angelo Tsagarakis, and Nikola Pavlovic claimed the fifth place to bring home $5,000 while Balanga’s Travis Franklin, Alvin Pasaol, Karl Dehesa, and Santi Santillan came in next in the 12-team meet.Chooks-to-Go Pilipinas 3×3 league owner Ronald Mascariñas vowed to continue support to help raise the level of 3×3 basketball in the country.“Now that we are back in the game, we will join every 3×3 tournament FIBA wants us to join,” he declared. “This is just the start for us. We will continue to raise the level of our league, hoping that one day we can be seen by the world as one of the elite 3×3 basketball countries.”Pasig Chooks is schedule to play in Kunshan Challenger, a qualifier to the Chengdu Masters, from May 18 to 19.ADVERTISEMENT Philippine Arena Interchange inaugurated MANILA, Philippines—The Philippine teams may have failed to make a deep run in the 2019 Fiba 3×3 World Tour Masters, but they proved that they could keep up with the world’s best in the sport.ADVERTISEMENT DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew SEA Games hosting troubles anger Dutertecenter_img MOST READ Palace: Duterte to attend Asean Summit in Bangkok but with ‘spacing’ PLAY LIST 01:09Palace: Duterte to attend Asean Summit in Bangkok but with ‘spacing’01:44Undas tradition: 2 mom’s crusade against trash at cemeteries00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Hontiveros presses for security audit of national power grid Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View commentslast_img read more

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NWC Outlines Challenge of Serving Deep Rural Districts

first_img “It is not economically viable for the NWC to provide an efficient service and to generate a surplus that could be adequately reinvested if we take on some of these remote [and hard-to-reach] communities… it’s just not possible,” President of the NWC, Mark Barnett, said. Story Highlights “In most of these communities, the population is not concentrated, they are sparsely dispersed across a large area and when you put in that level of investment (in terms of infrastructure), it is going to cost a lot, which you are not likely to recoup. We are into centralised systems,” he added. The National Water Commission (NWC) is encouraging Jamaicans living in deep rural communities to explore using tanks and catchment facilities to store potable water for domestic use.“It is not economically viable for the NWC to provide an efficient service and to generate a surplus that could be adequately reinvested if we take on some of these remote [and hard-to-reach] communities… it’s just not possible,” President of the NWC, Mark Barnett, said.Speaking at a JIS ‘Think Tank’ on January 11, the President pointed out that the provision of potable water has become a costly undertaking and in some areas it is extremely expensive to provide the infrastructure to pipe water to some homes.“In most of these communities, the population is not concentrated, they are sparsely dispersed across a large area and when you put in that level of investment (in terms of infrastructure), it is going to cost a lot, which you are not likely to recoup. We are into centralised systems,” he added.He explained that putting in the infrastructure in some areas has become so expensive that it would be unwise to proceed without some form of direct subsidy from the Government to offset the cost.Mr. Barnett noted that there are a number of those communities and it would be more suitable to have other systems to provide potable water.“Those days when people used to invest in rainwater harvesting, we need to revisit that. It’s a significant area that must be part of any solution in solving and providing access to potable water. We have to now look again at community catchment systems,” he suggested.“Tanks that were community catchments, those need to be revitalised, reactivated and utilised as part of the modality of providing water,” he added.Mr. Barnett said that where Municipal Corporations operate these facilities, including major stand-alone wells and water acquirers that are used to provide piped water to small communities, the NWC will assist by providing experts to guide their efficient operations. The National Water Commission (NWC) is encouraging Jamaicans living in deep rural communities to explore using tanks and catchment facilities to store potable water for domestic use.last_img read more